Magnus carlsen Net worth, Twitter, Iq, Rating, Hans niemann & More

Norwegian chess grandmaster (born 1990)

For people with a similar name, see Magnus Carlsson (disambiguation), Magnus Karlsson (disambiguation), and Magnus Carlson

Magnus Carlsen

Carlsen at the World Chess Championship 2021
Born
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen

(1990-11-30) 30 November 1990 (age 31)

Tønsberg, Norway
Country Norway
Title Grandmaster (2004)
World Champion 2013–2023
FIDE rating 2859 (November 2022)
Peak rating 2882 (May 2014)
Ranking No 1 (November 2022)
Peak ranking No 1 (January 2010)
Website magnuscarlsencom/en/

Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster who is the reigning five-time World Chess Champion He is also a three-time World Rapid Chess Champion and five-time World Blitz Chess Champion Carlsen has held the No 1 position in the FIDE world chess rankings since 1 July 2011 and trails only Garry Kasparov in time spent as the highest-rated player in the world His peak rating of 2882 is the highest in history He also holds the record for the longest unbeaten streak at the elite level in classical chess

A chess prodigy, Carlsen finished first in the C group of the Corus chess tournament shortly after he turned 13 and earned the title of grandmaster a few months later At 15, he won the Norwegian Chess Championship, and at 17 he finished joint first in the top group of Corus He surpassed a rating of 2800 at 18, the youngest at the time to do so In 2010, at 19, he reached No 1 in the FIDE world rankings, the youngest person ever to do so

Carlsen became World Chess Champion in 2013 by defeating Viswanathan Anand He retained his title against Anand the following year and won both the 2014 World Rapid Championship and World Blitz Championship, becoming the first player to hold all three titles simultaneously, a feat which he repeated in 2019 He defended his classical world title against Sergey Karjakin in 2016, against Fabiano Caruana in 2018, and against Ian Nepomniachtchi in 2021 Carlsen will not defend his title against Nepomniachtchi in 2023

Known for his attacking style as a teen, Carlsen has since developed into a universal player He uses a variety of openings to make it harder for opponents to prepare against him and reduce the utility of pre-game computer analysis He has stated the middlegame is his favourite part of the game as it “comes down to pure chess”

Childhood

A view of Tønsberg from the Tønsberg Hospital, where Carlsen was born

Carlsen was born in Tønsberg, Norway, on 30 November 1990 to Sigrun Øen, a chemical engineer, and Henrik Albert Carlsen, an IT consultant The family spent one year in Espoo, Finland, and then in Brussels, Belgium, before returning to Norway in 1998, where they lived in Lommedalen, Bærum They later moved to Haslum Carlsen showed an aptitude for intellectual challenges at a young age At two years, he could solve 50-piece jigsaw puzzles; at four, he enjoyed assembling Lego sets with instructions intended for children aged 10–14

His father, a keen amateur chess player, taught him to play at age 5, although he initially showed little interest in it He has three sisters, and in 2010 stated that one of the things that first motivated him to take up chess seriously was the desire to beat his elder sister at the game

The first chess book Carlsen read was a booklet named Find the Plan by Bent Larsen, and his first book on openings was Eduard Gufeld’s The Complete Dragon Carlsen developed his early chess skills playing by himself for hours on end—moving the pieces around, searching for combinations, and replaying games and positions his father showed him Simen Agdestein emphasises Carlsen’s exceptional memory, stating that he was able to recall the locations, populations, flags and capitals of all the countries in the world by age five Later, he memorised the locations, populations, coats-of-arms and administrative centres of “virtually all” 356 Norwegian municipalities He participated in his first tournament—the youngest division of the 1999 Norwegian Chess Championship—at 8 years and 7 months, and scored 6/11

Carlsen, aged 13, in Molde giving a simultaneous exhibition, July 2004

Carlsen was coached at the Norwegian College of Elite Sport by the country’s top player, Grandmaster (GM) Simen Agdestein, who in turn cites Norwegian football manager Egil “Drillo” Olsen as a key inspiration for his coaching strategy In 2000, Agdestein introduced Carlsen to Torbjørn Ringdal Hansen, a former Norwegian junior champion and later International Master (IM) and Grandmaster (GM), as Ringdal served a one-year siviltjeneste (an alternative civilian service programme) at the college

Over the course of that year, Carlsen’s rating rose from 904 in June 2000 to 1907 His breakthrough occurred in the Norwegian junior teams championship in September 2000, where he scored 3½/5 against the country’s top junior players and gained a tournament performance rating (TPR) of around 2000 Apart from chess, which he studied about three to four hours a day, his favourite pastimes included playing football and reading Donald Duck comics He also practised skiing until age ten

From autumn 2000 to the end of 2002, Carlsen played almost 300 rated tournament games, as well as in several blitz tournaments, and participated in other minor events In October 2002, he placed sixth in the European Under-12 Championship in Peñiscola The following month, he tied for first place in the 2002 World Under-12 Championship in Heraklion, placing second to Ian Nepomniachtchi on tiebreak He then obtained three IM norms in relatively quick succession: the first at the January 2003 Gausdal Troll Masters (score 7/10, 2453 PR); the second at the June 2003 Salongernas IM-tournament in Stockholm (6/9, 2470 PR); and the third at the July 2003 Politiken Cup in Copenhagen (8/11, 2503 PR) He was officially awarded the IM title on 20 August 2003

After finishing primary school, Carlsen took a year off to participate in international chess tournaments in Europe during the autumn of 2003, then returned to complete secondary education at a sports school During the year away from school, he placed joint-third in the European Under-14 Championship and ninth in the 2003 World Under-14 Championship

Chess career

2004

Carlsen vs Ernst, 2004
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Position after 17c5 The game continued 18Ng6 fxg6 19Qxe6+ Kh8 20hxg6 Ng8 21Bxh6 gxh6 22Rxh6+ Nxh6 23Qxe7 Nf7 24gxf7 Kg7 25Rd3 Rd6 26Rg3+ Rg6 27Qe5+ Kxf7 28Qf5+ Rf6 29Qd7#
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Carlsen made headlines after his victory, at the age of 13, in the C group at the 2004 Corus chess tournament in Wijk aan Zee He obtained a score of 10½/13, losing just one game (against the highest-rated player of the C group, Duško Pavasovič) As a result, he earned his first GM norm, and achieved a PR of 2702 Particularly notable was his win over Sipke Ernst in the penultimate round, when he sacrificed material to give mate in just 29 moves His victory in the C group qualified him to play in the B group in 2005, and it led Lubomir Kavalek, writing for the Washington Post, to give him the title “the Mozart of chess” (although, as pointed out by Edward Winter, the nickname had been given to many illustrious predecessors) Agdestein said that Carlsen had an excellent memory and played an unusually wide range of openings Carlsen’s prowess caught the attention of Microsoft, which became his sponsor

Carlsen obtained his second GM norm at the Moscow Aeroflot Open in February On 17 March, in a blitz chess tournament in Reykjavík, Iceland, he defeated former World Champion Anatoly Karpov It was a preliminary event leading up to a rapid knockout tournament beginning the next day In that event, Carlsen was paired with Garry Kasparov, then the top-rated player in the world Carlsen achieved a draw in their first game but lost the second, and was thus knocked out of the tournament

In the sixth Dubai Open Chess Championship, held 18–28 April, Carlsen obtained his third and final GM norm It made him the world’s youngest GM at the time, and the second-youngest GM in history at the time (after Sergey Karjakin, who earned the title at 12 years and 7 months) Carlsen played in the FIDE World Chess Championship, becoming the youngest player ever to participate in one, but was knocked out in the first round by Levon Aronian

In July, Carlsen and Berge Østenstad, then the reigning Norwegian champion, tied for first in the Norwegian Chess Championship, each scoring 7/9 A two-game match between them was arranged to decide the title Both games were drawn, which left Østenstad the champion because he had superior tiebreaks in the tournament

2005

In the Smartfish Chess Masters event at the Drammen International Chess Festival 2004–05, Carlsen defeated Alexei Shirov, then ranked No 10 in the world, as well as the co-winner of the tournament In the semifinals of the Ciudad de León rapid chess tournament in June, Carlsen played a four-game match against Viswanathan Anand, who was ranked No 2 in the world at the time and had won the 2003 World Rapid Chess Championship Anand won 3–1

In the Norwegian Chess Championship, Carlsen again finished in shared first place, this time with his mentor Simen Agdestein A playoff between them was played between 7 and 10 November This time, Carlsen had the better tiebreaks, but the rule giving the title to the player with better tiebreak scores in the event of a 1–1 tie had been revoked The match was closely fought—Agdestein won the first game, Carlsen the second—so it went into a series of two-game rapid matches until there was a winner Carlsen won the first rapid game, Agdestein the second Then followed three draws until Agdestein won the championship title with a victory in the sixth rapid game

In October, Carlsen took first place at the Arnold Eikrem Memorial in Gausdal with a score 8/9 and a PR of 2792

Carlsen in Warsaw, 2005

At the end of 2005, Carlsen participated at the Chess World Cup in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia In the knockout tournament, he upset 44th-ranked Zurab Azmaiparashvili in round one, and proceeded to defeat Farrukh Amonatov and Ivan Cheparinov to reach the round of 16 There he lost to Evgeny Bareev, but won against Joël Lautier and Vladimir Malakhov before losing again to Gata Kamsky Carlsen finished in tenth place and became the youngest player to be an official World Championship Candidate

2006

Carlsen qualified for a place in the Corus B group due to his first-place finish in Corus group C in 2004 His shared first place with Alexander Motylev with 9/13 (+6−1=6) qualified him to play in the Corus group A in 2007

At the 2006 international ‘Bosna’ tournament in Sarajevo, Carlsen shared first place with Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu (who won on tiebreak evaluation) and Vladimir Malakhov; this could be regarded as Carlsen’s first “A” elite tournament win, although it was not a clear first

Carlsen was close to winning the 2006 Norwegian Chess Championship outright, but a last-round loss to Berge Østenstad dropped him into another tie for first place with Agdestein It also prevented Carlsen from beating Agdestein’s record as the youngest Norwegian champion ever Nonetheless, in the playoff held from 19 to 21 September, Carlsen won 3–1 After two draws at standard time controls, Carlsen won both rapid games in round two, securing his first Norwegian championship win

Carlsen won the Glitnir Blitz Tournament in Iceland He achieved a 2–0 win over Viswanathan Anand in the semi-finals and achieved the same score in the finals He scored 6/8 in the 37th Chess Olympiad and achieved a PR of 2820

In the Midnight Sun Chess Tournament in Tromsø, Carlsen finished second to Sergei Shipov In the Biel Grandmaster Tournament, he placed second, beating the tournament winner Alexander Morozevich twice

In the NH Chess Tournament held in Amsterdam in August, Carlsen participated in an “Experience” vs “Rising Stars” Scheveningen team match The “Rising Stars” won the match 28–22, with Carlsen achieving the best individual score for the Rising Stars team (6½/10) and a 2700 PR, thus winning the right to participate in the 2007 Melody Amber tournament

With a score of 7½/15, Carlsen placed 8th out of 16 participants at the World Blitz Championship in Rishon LeZion, Israel In the rapid chess tournament Rencontres nationales et internationales d’échecs in Cap d’Agde, France, he reached the semi-final, losing there to Sergey Karjakin In November, Carlsen achieved a shared 8th place of 10 participants in the Mikhail Tal Memorial in Moscow with two losses and seven draws He finished ninth in a group of 18 participants in the associated blitz tournament, which was won by Anand

2007

Carlsen playing Levon Aronian at Linares 2007

Playing in the top group of the Corus chess tournament for the first time, Carlsen placed last with nine draws and four losses, scoring 4½/13 In the Linares chess tournament, Carlsen played against top-rated players Veselin Topalov, Viswanathan Anand, Peter Svidler, Alexander Morozevich, Levon Aronian, Peter Leko, and Vasyl Ivanchuk Despite being rated significantly lower than any of them, he finished in second place on tiebreaks with 7½/14, having scored four wins, seven draws and three losses, and achieving a PR of 2778

Carlsen played for the first time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid chess tournament in Monte Carlo in March In the 11 rounds, he achieved eight draws and three losses in the blindfold games, as well as three wins, seven draws and one loss in the rapid games This resulted in a shared ninth place in the blindfold, shared second place in the rapid (behind Anand), and a shared eighth place overall

In May and June, he participated in the Candidates Tournament for the FIDE World Chess Championship 2007, facing Levon Aronian in a six-game match at standard time controls, which Carlsen drew (+2−2=2) by coming from behind twice The four-game rapid playoff was drawn as well (+1−1=2), with Carlsen winning the last game to stay in the match Eventually, Aronian eliminated Carlsen from the tournament after winning both tiebreak blitz games

In July and August, Carlsen won the Biel Grandmaster Tournament with a 6/10 record and a PR of 2753 His score was matched by Alexander Onischuk and they played a match to break the tie After drawing two rapid and two blitz games, Carlsen won the armageddon game Immediately after the Biel tournament, Carlsen entered the open Arctic Chess Challenge in Tromsø, but his fourth-place result with +5=4 was a slight underperformance in terms of rating In the first round, Carlsen conceded a draw to his classmate Brede Hagen (rated 2034) after having a lost position at one point A game which attracted some attention was his sixth-round win over his father, Henrik Carlsen

Carlsen reached the semi-final round of the World Chess Cup in December, after defeating Michael Adams in the round of 16 and Ivan Cheparinov in the quarterfinals In the semi-final, he was eliminated by the eventual winner, Gata Kamsky, scoring ½–1½

2008

Carlsen in 2008

In the top group A of the 69th Corus chess tournament, Carlsen scored 8/13, achieving a PR of 2830 Carlsen won five games, lost two and drew six, sharing first place with Levon Aronian At the Linares chess tournament, Carlsen had another 2800+ PR, scoring 8/14 He finished in sole second place, ½ point behind the winner World Champion Viswanathan Anand

In March, Carlsen played for the second time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid chess tournament, held in Nice for the first time In the 11 rounds he achieved four wins, four draws and two losses in the blindfold, and three wins, two losses, and six draws in the rapid This resulted in a shared fifth place in the blindfold, shared third place in the rapid and a shared second place in the overall tournament

Carlsen was one of 21 players in the six-tournament FIDE Grand Prix 2008–2010, a qualifier for the World Chess Championship 2012 In the first tournament, in Baku, Azerbaijan, he finished in a three-way tie for first place, with another 2800 PR He later withdrew from the Grand Prix cycle despite his initial success, criticising FIDE for “changing the rules dramatically in the middle of a World Championship cycle”

Carlsen won a rapid match against Peter Leko held in Miskolc, Hungary, scoring 5–3 In June, Carlsen won the annual Aerosvit chess tournament, finishing undefeated with 8/11 in a category 19 field and achieving a PR of 2877, his best PR at that point in his career Playing in the category 18 Biel Grandmaster Tournament, Carlsen finished third with 6/10, with a PR of 2740

In the Mainz World Rapid Chess Championship, Carlsen finished in second place after losing the final to defending champion Anand 3–1 In the qualification round Carlsen scored 1½–½ against Judit Polgár, 1–1 against Anand and 1–1 against Alexander Morozevich In the category 22 Bilbao Masters, Carlsen tied for second with a 2768 PR

2009

Playing in Group A of the 71st Corus chess tournament, Carlsen tied for fifth with a 2739 PR In the Linares chess tournament, Carlsen finished third with a 2777 PR Carlsen tied for second place with Veselin Topalov at the M-Tel Masters (category 21) tournament in Sofia, Bulgaria He lost to eventual winner Alexei Shirov in their final game, dropping him from first

Carlsen won the category 21 Nanjing Pearl Spring tournament, 2½ points ahead of second-place finisher Topalov, the world’s highest-rated player at the time He scored an undefeated 8/10, winning every game as white (against Topalov, Wang Yue, Leko, Teimour Radjabov, and Dmitry Jakovenko), and also winning as black against Jakovenko By rating performance, this was one of the greatest results in history, with a PR of 3002 Chess statistician Jeff Sonas has declared it one of the 20 best tournament performances of all time, and the best chess performance of all time by a teenager

In the Tal Memorial, played from 5 to 14 November, Carlsen started with seven straight draws, but finished with wins over former FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov and Peter Leko This result put Carlsen in shared second place behind former World Champion Vladimir Kramnik and equal with Ivanchuk After the Tal Memorial, Carlsen won the World Blitz Championship, played from 16 to 18 November in Moscow, Russia His score of 28 wins, 6 draws and 8 losses left him three points ahead of Anand, who finished in second place

Carlsen at the World Blitz Championship 2009

Carlsen entered the London Chess Classic as the top seed in a field including Kramnik, Hikaru Nakamura, Michael Adams, Nigel Short, Ni Hua, Luke McShane and David Howell He defeated Kramnik in round one and went on to win the tournament with 13/21 (three points were awarded for a win, and one for a draw; using classical scoring he finished with 5/7) and a PR of 2844, one point ahead of Kramnik This victory propelled him to No 1 of the FIDE rating list, surpassing Veselin Topalov

Based on his average ranking from the July 2009 and January 2010 FIDE lists, Carlsen qualified for the Candidates Tournament that would determine the challenger to World Champion Viswanathan Anand in the World Chess Championship 2012 In November 2010, however, Carlsen announced he was withdrawing from the Candidates Tournament Carlsen described the 2008–12 cycle as ” sufficiently modern and fair”, and wrote that “Reigning champion privileges, the long (five-year) span of the cycle, changes made during the cycle resulting in a new format (Candidates) that no World Champion has had to go through since Kasparov, puzzling ranking criteria as well as the shallow ceaseless match-after-match concept are all less than satisfactory in my opinion”

In early 2009 Carlsen engaged former World Champion Garry Kasparov as a personal trainer In September their partnership was revealed to the public by Norwegian newspapers

Responding to a question in an interview with Time magazine in December 2009 as to whether he used computers when studying chess, Carlsen explained that he does not use a chess set when studying on his own

2010

Carlsen won the 72nd Corus chess tournament played 16–31 January with 8½ points His ninth-round loss to Kramnik ended a streak of 36 rated games undefeated Carlsen appeared to struggle in the last round against Fabiano Caruana, but saved a draw, leaving him half a point ahead of Kramnik and Shirov

In March it was announced that Carlsen had split from Kasparov and would no longer use him as a trainer, although this was put into different context by Carlsen himself in an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel, in which he stated that they would remain in contact and he would continue to attend training sessions with Kasparov In 2011, Carlsen said: “Thanks to I began to understand a whole class of positions better  Kasparov gave me a great deal of practical help” In 2012, when asked what he learnt from working with Kasparov, Carlsen answered: “Complex positions That was the most important thing”

Carlsen shared first place alongside Ivanchuk in the Amber blindfold and rapid tournament Scoring 6½/11 in the blindfold and 8/11 in the rapid, Carlsen accumulated 14½ from a possible 22 points In May it was revealed that Carlsen had helped Anand prepare for the World Chess Championship 2010 against challenger Veselin Topalov, which Anand won 6½–5½ to retain the title Carlsen had also helped Anand prepare for the World Chess Championships in 2007 and 2008

Carlsen played in the Bazna Kings Tournament in Romania on 14–25 June The tournament was a double round robin involving Wang Yue, Boris Gelfand, Ruslan Ponomariov, Teimour Radjabov, and Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu He finished with 7½/10 and a 2918 PR, winning the tournament by two points ahead of Radjabov and Gelfand Carlsen then played in a rapid tournament 28–30 August at the Arctic Securities Chess Stars tournament in Kristiansund, Norway The field featured World Champion Viswanathan Anand, female world No 1 Judit Polgár, and Jon Ludvig Hammer In the preliminary round robin, Carlsen scored 3½/6 to qualify for the final, second behind Anand In the final, Carlsen defeated Anand 1½–½ to win the championship Following this event, Carlsen suffered setbacks in his next two tournaments In the 39th Chess Olympiad from 19 September to 4 October, he scored 4½/8, losing three games, to Baadur Jobava, Michael Adams, and Sanan Sjugirov; these were his first losses with the black pieces in more than a year His team, Norway, finished 51st out of 149 teams

Carlsen’s next tournament was the Grand Slam Masters Final on 9–15 October, which he had qualified for automatically by winning three of the previous year’s four Grand Slam chess events (2009 Nanjing Pearl Spring, 2010 Corus, 2010 Bazna Kings) Along with Carlsen, the finals consisted of World Champion Anand and the highest two scorers from the preliminary stage held in Shanghai in September: Kramnik and Shirov The average Elo of the participants at the time was 2789, making the Grand Slam Final the strongest chess tournament in history In the first round, Carlsen lost with black to Kramnik; this was Carlsen’s second consecutive loss to Kramnik, and placed his hold on the world No 1 ranking in serious jeopardy In his second round, Carlsen lost with the white pieces to Anand; this was his first loss as White since January 2010 Carlsen recovered somewhat in the latter part of the tournament, achieving a win over Shirov, and finishing with 2½/6 The tournament was won by Kramnik with 4/6 Carlsen finished this tournament with a rating of 2802, two points behind Anand at 2804 who temporarily ended Carlsen’s reign at world No 1 These setbacks called into question from some whether Carlsen’s activities outside chess, such as modelling for G-Star Raw, were distracting him from performing well at the chessboard Carlsen said he did not believe there was a direct connection

Carlsen’s next tournament was the Pearl Spring chess tournament on 19–30 October in Nanjing, China, against Anand, Topalov, Vugar Gashimov, Wang Yue, and Étienne Bacrot This was the only tournament in 2010 to feature Anand, Carlsen and Topalov, at the time the top three players in the world, and was the first tournament in history to feature three players rated at least 2800 With early wins over Bacrot, Wang Yue, and Topalov with white, Carlsen took the early lead, extending his winning streak with white in Nanjing to eight This streak was halted by a draw to Anand in round seven, but in the penultimate round Carlsen secured first place by defeating Topalov with black This was his second victory in the tournament over the former world No 1; his final score of 7/10 (with a PR of 2903) was a full point ahead of runner-up Anand

Carlsen at the 2010 London Chess Classic

On 5 November, Carlsen withdrew from the 2011 Candidates Tournament, having qualified as the highest rated challenger, citing dissatisfaction with the World Championship cycle format

In the World Blitz Championship, held in Moscow on 16–18 November, Carlsen attempted to defend his 2009 title With a score of 23½/38, he finished in third place behind Radjabov and winner Levon Aronian After the tournament, Carlsen played a private 40-game blitz match against Hikaru Nakamura, winning with a score of 24½–15½

Carlsen won the London Chess Classic on 8–15 December in a field comprising World Champion Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Nakamura, and British players Adams, Nigel Short, David Howell, and Luke McShane Carlsen had a rocky start, losing his games to McShane and Anand in rounds 1 and 3, but winning with white against Adams and Nakamura in rounds 2 and 4 He joined the lead with a win over Howell in round 5, and managed to stay in the lead following a harrowing draw against Kramnik in round 6, before defeating Short in the last round Since the tournament was played with three points for a win, Carlsen’s +4−2=1 score put him ahead of Anand and McShane who scored +2=5 (a more traditional two-points-for-a-win system would have yielded a three-way tie, with Carlsen still on top, having the better tiebreaker due to four games with black—Anand and McShane played only three times with black)

2011

Carlsen competed in the GM-A group of the 73rd Tata Steel Chess Tournament (formerly called the Corus chess tournament) on 14–30 January in Wijk aan Zee in an attempt to defend his title; the field included World Champion Viswanathan Anand, Levon Aronian, former World Champion Vladimir Kramnik, Alexander Grischuk, Hikaru Nakamura, Ruslan Ponomariov, among others Despite losing games with white against Anish Giri and reigning Russian champion Ian Nepomniachtchi, Carlsen finished with 8/13, including victories over Kramnik and tournament winner Nakamura Although Carlsen’s performance raised his rating from 2814 to 2815, Anand’s 8½/13 score elevated his rating to 2817, making him the world No 1 for the March 2011 FIDE rating list

The first tournament victory of the year came in the Bazna Kings tournament, a double round robin played in Mediaș, Romania on 11–21 June Carlsen finished with 6½/10, equal with Sergey Karjakin but with a better tiebreak score Carlsen won his White games against Nakamura, Nisipeanu, and Ivanchuk and drew the rest of the games

Carlsen won the 44th Biel Grandmaster tournament, held from 16 to 29 July He took clear first place with a score of 19/30 (+5−1=4; three points for a win) in a field comprising Fabiano Caruana, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Alexander Morozevich, Alexey Shirov and Yannick Pelletier, two points ahead of Morozevich This was Carlsen’s second title

The Grand Slam Chess Final was held as a double round robin with six players, in São Paulo (25 September – 1 October) and Bilbao (5–11 October) Although Carlsen had a slow start, including a loss against bottom-ranked Francisco Vallejo Pons, he finished +3−1=6, equal with Ivanchuk (whose +4−3=3 finish was equal due to three points for a win) Carlsen then won the blitz tiebreak against Ivanchuk The other players were Anand, Aronian, Nakamura, and Vallejo Pons

Another tournament victory was achieved in the Tal Memorial in Moscow 16–25 November as a round robin with ten players Carlsen won two games, against Gelfand and Nakamura, and drew the rest Although he finished equal on points with Aronian, he placed ahead since the tiebreak was determined by the number of black games; Carlsen had five black games, while Aronian only had four

In the London Chess Classic, played 3–12 December, Carlsen’s streak of tournament victories ended when he finished third, behind Kramnik and Nakamura Carlsen won three games and drew five Although he did not win the tournament, Carlsen gained rating points, rising to a new personal record of 2835

2012

Carlsen at the 74th Tata Steel Chess Tournament in 2012

At the 74th Tata Steel Chess Tournament held on 14–29 January in Wijk aan Zee, Carlsen finished in a shared second place with 8/13, behind Aronian, and equal with Radjabov and Caruana Carlsen defeated Gashimov, Aronian, Gelfand, and Topalov, but lost against Karjakin At the blitz chess tournament at Tal Memorial, held in Moscow on 7 June, Carlsen shared first place with Morozevich In the main event (a category 22 ten-player round robin), he won two games and drew seven He finished in first place, ahead of Radjabov and Caruana

Carlsen then went on to finish second in the Biel Grandmaster Tournament, with 18 points, just one point behind Wang Hao using the 3–1–0 scoring system As in the Tal Memorial earlier in 2012, Carlsen managed to finish the tournament without any losses (+4−0=6) He also defeated the winner Wang in both of their individual games In the exhibition blitz tournament at Biel before the GM tournament, Carlsen was eliminated (+1−2=0) in the first round by Étienne Bacrot Bacrot deprived Carlsen of a win in the classical tournament by holding him to a draw in the final round Carlsen would have won the classical tournament on the traditional 1–½–0 scoring system, with 7/10

The Grand Slam Chess Final was again held as a double round robin with six players, in São Paulo and Bilbao Carlsen started with a loss against Caruana, but after three wins in the second (Bilbao) round, finished +4−1=5, equal first with Caruana, and ahead of Aronian, Karjakin and Anand Carlsen won the tournament by winning both tiebreak games against Caruana

From 24 to 25 November, Carlsen took part in the chess festival “Segunda Gran Fiesta Internacional de Ajedrez” in Mexico City As part of it, Carlsen took on an online audience (dubbed as “The World”) with the white pieces and won He then took part in the knockout exhibition event “Cuadrangular UNAM” Carlsen first beat Lázaro Bruzón 1½–½, thus qualifying for a final against Judit Polgár (who had in turn beat Manuel León Hoyos 1½–½) Carlsen lost the first game, but won the second one, and in the tiebreak defeated Polgár 2–0

Carlsen won the London Chess Classic in December with five wins (over McShane, Aronian, Gawain Jones, Adams and Judit Polgár) and three draws (against Kramnik, Nakamura and Anand) This win, the third time Carlsen had won the tournament in the past four years, increased his rating from 2848 to a new record of 2861, breaking Kasparov’s 13-year record of 2851 By rating performance, this was one of the best results in history, with a PR of 2994

2013

Carlsen in play during round seven of the 75th Tata Steel, 2013

Carlsen played in the 75th Tata Steel Chess Tournament from 11 to 27 January in Wijk aan Zee In the 13-round tournament, he scored 10 points (+7−0=6), winning clear first 1½ points ahead of second-place finisher Aronian On 1 February, Danish GM Peter Heine Nielsen joined the team of assistants who helped Carlsen prepare for the Candidates Tournament in March Before this, Nielsen was on Viswanathan Anand’s team

Carlsen played in the 2013 Candidates Tournament, which took place in London, from 15 March to 1 April He finished with +5−2=7, and won the tournament on tiebreak over Vladimir Kramnik As a result, he earned the right to challenge Anand for the World Championship

In May, Carlsen played in the first edition of Norway Chess tournament He finished second, scoring 5½/9 (+3−1=5), half a point behind Sergey Karjakin

Carlsen played in the Tal Memorial from 12 to 23 June He finished second, with 5½/9, half a point behind Boris Gelfand Carlsen ended the tournament with +3−1=5, losing to Caruana but beating Anand, Kramnik and Nakamura Later that month, Carlsen played a four-game friendly rapid match against Borki Predojević, which he won 2½–1½

In the Sinquefield Cup, held in September, Carlsen finished first, scoring 4½/6 (+3−0=3), a point ahead of Nakamura

World Chess Championship 2013

Main article: World Chess Championship 2013

Carlsen faced Anand in the World Chess Championship 2013, at Hyatt Regency in Chennai, India, from 9 to 22 November Carlsen won the match 6½–3½ by winning games five, six and nine and drawing the remainder, becoming the new World Chess Champion Though he was the challenger, and less experienced than Anand, he handled the pressure with ease He drew first blood in game 5 by taking advantage of a small mistake by Anand, and emerged victorious in games 6 and 9, making him the 16th undisputed World Chess Champion

World Chess Championship 2013
Rating Rank Game 1
9 Nov
Game 2
10 Nov
Game 3
12 Nov
Game 4
13 Nov
Game 5
15 Nov
Game 6
16 Nov
Game 7
18 Nov
Game 8
19 Nov
Game 9
21 Nov
Game 10
22 Nov
Game 11
24 Nov
Game 12
26 Nov
Points
 Viswanathan Anand (India) 2775 8 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ Not required
 Magnus Carlsen (Norway) 2870 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½

2014

From 29 January to 4 February, Carlsen played in the Zurich Chess Challenge, winning the blitz event (+2−1=2) and the classical event (+3−0=2) He fared worse in the rapid event (+1−2=2), which counted towards the overall standings, but retained enough of a lead to win the tournament The other players in the event were Aronian, Nakamura, Caruana, Gelfand and Anand On 22 March, Carlsen played a game for his club Stavanger in the final team match for promotion to the Norwegian Premier League His win over Vladimir Georgiev helped his team to a 3½–2½ win over Nordstrand

Carlsen won the Vugar Gashimov Memorial in Şəmkir, Azerbaijan, played from 20 to 30 April He played in the A group along with Caruana, Nakamura, Karjakin, Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Radjabov Carlsen started the tournament with 2/2, beating Mamedyarov and Nakamura He then drew against Karjakin, only to lose two games in a row for the first time in four years, losing to Caruana with black and then with white to Radjabov In the second half of the tournament, Carlsen scored 4/5, beating Mamedyarov and Nakamura again, and securing the tournament victory by beating Caruana in the final round, finishing with +5−2=3

On 8 May, Carlsen played an exhibition game at Oslo City against the people of Norway, assisted by a grandmaster panel consisting of Simen Agdestein, Jon Ludvig Hammer, and Leif Erlend Johannessen Each of the panel members proposed a move and the public could then vote over the proposed moves Each panel member was allowed three chances to let chess engine Houdini propose a move during the game Norway’s moves were executed by Oddvar Brå who was disguised in a red spandex suit for the occasion The game was drawn when Carlsen forced a perpetual check

From 2–13 June, Carlsen played in the second edition of Norway Chess, a ten-man round robin He placed second with 5½/9, ½ a point behind the winner Karjakin Other players in the event were Aronian, Caruana, Topalov, Svidler, Kramnik, Grischuk, Giri and Agdestein

Carlsen won the FIDE World Rapid Championship, which was held in Dubai from 16 to 19 June He went on to claim the World Blitz Championship two days later, becoming the first player to simultaneously hold the title in all three FIDE rated time controls

Carlsen played nine games for Norway in the 41st Chess Olympiad, scoring five wins, two draws, and two losses (against Arkadij Naiditsch and Ivan Šarić)

Carlsen placed second to Fabiano Caruana in the Sinquefield Cup, a six-player double round robin held from 27 August to 7 September Billed as the strongest chess tournament ever held, the remaining 4 players in the event were Levon Aronian, Hikaru Nakamura, Veselin Topalov, and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave Carlsen lost to Caruana in round 3 and defeated Aronian and Nakamura in rounds 5 and 7, respectively He finished the tournament with 5½/10 (+2−1=7), three points behind Caruana

Anand and Carlsen on stage at the closing ceremony of 2014 World Chess Championship in Sochi, Russia (Vladimir Putin at podium)

World Chess Championship 2014

Main article: World Chess Championship 2014

Carlsen faced Anand in a match for the title of World Chess Champion in 2014 Anand qualified by winning the 2014 Candidates Tournament The rematch was held from 7 to 23 November in Sochi, Russia After 11 of 12 games, Carlsen led 6½–4½, thereby defending his World Champion title

World Chess Championship 2014
Rating Rank Game 1
8 Nov
Game 2
9 Nov
Game 3
11 Nov
Game 4
12 Nov
Game 5
14 Nov
Game 6
15 Nov
Game 7
17 Nov
Game 8
18 Nov
Game 9
20 Nov
Game 10
21 Nov
Game 11
23 Nov
Game 12
25 Nov
Points
 Magnus Carlsen (Norway) 2863 1 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 Not
required
 Viswanathan Anand (India) 2792 6 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0

2015

In January, Carlsen won the 77th Tata Steel Chess Tournament, which was played mainly in Wijk aan Zee on 9–25 January Carlsen had a poor start to the tournament with two draws and a loss in the third round to Radosław Wojtaszek, which left him in tenth place among the fourteen players However, a string of six wins in a row thrust Carlsen into clear first place Drawing the final four games was sufficient to win the tournament with 9 points out of 13, half a point ahead of Anish Giri, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Wesley So and Ding Liren

In February, Carlsen won the 3rd Grenke Chess Classic after a five-game tiebreak with Arkadij Naiditsch Carlsen had finished joint first with Naiditsch on 4½/7, beating Michael Adams, Anand, and David Baramidze, and losing to Naiditsch in their classical encounter This tournament victory meant that Carlsen began 2015 by winning two out of two tournaments Carlsen continued his streak in April, winning Shamkir Chess with a score of 7/9 (+5−0=4), defeating Mamedyarov, Caruana, Vachier-Lagrave, Kramnik, and Rauf Mamedov With a performance rating of 2983, this was Carlsen’s third best tournament result ever, behind only Nanjing 2009 (3002 TPR) and London 2012 (2994 TPR)

Carlsen had a poor result in the third edition of Norway Chess, held 15–26 June In the first round he obtained a winning position against Topalov after pressing in a long endgame, only to lose on time when he mistakenly thought that he would receive 15 minutes of extra time at move 60 He was then outplayed by Caruana in the second round, missed a win against Anish Giri in round 3, and lost to Anand in round 4 He won against Grischuk in round 5, drew against Nakamura and Vachier-Lagrave in rounds 6 and 7, and defeated Aronian in round 8, but he lost the last round against Jon Ludvig Hammer, leaving him in seventh place and with a performance rating of 2693 Carlsen said of this result: “It’s just extremely frustrating not to be able to show anything close to what I am capable of in my home country”

From 22 August to 3 September, Carlsen played in the 2015 Sinquefield Cup He finished in second place with 5/9 (+3−2=4), one point behind winner Levon Aronian He defeated the 2014 Sinquefield winner Fabiano Caruana, as well as Maxime Vachier-Lagrave and wild-card Wesley So, but lost to Veselin Topalov and Alexander Grischuk

Carlsen at the FIDE World Rapid Championship 2015 award ceremony

In October, Carlsen successfully defended his title in the FIDE World Rapid Championships held in Berlin, as the first World Rapid Champion to do so in history, going +8−0=7 He reached the highest live rapid rating in history after the tournament, and was at that point ranked No 1 in all three disciplines simultaneously However, Carlsen lost his No 1 blitz ranking after he had a weak second day in the World Blitz Championship, and was unable to retain his World Blitz Champion title, losing it to Alexander Grischuk

In November, Carlsen participated in the European Team Chess Championship with the Norwegian team He started off poorly, scoring ½ points out of 3 games, losing to Levon Aronian, drawing against Sune Berg Hansen, and losing again to Yannick Pelletier due to a blunder However, he finished the tournament strongly, scoring victories against Peter Leko and Radoslaw Wojtaszek, the latter of whom he had lost to earlier in the year, but his performance was not enough to earn his team a medal, and he lost 16 rating points during the event

From 4–13 December, Carlsen participated in the final leg of the Grand Chess Tour, the London Chess Classic He scored 5½/9 (+2−0=7) in the event, defeating Nakamura (thus inflicting Nakamura’s 12th classical loss to Carlsen) and Grischuk, and finished joint first with Anish Giri and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave In the 3-way tiebreak, Carlsen was the top seed, meaning he faced the winner of the first tie-break match between Giri and Vachier-Lagrave Carlsen eventually won the tournament by defeating Vachier-Lagrave, which meant he also won the overall Grand Chess Tour Carlsen then played in the second edition of the Qatar Masters Open, which was held from 20 to 29 December He finished joint first with 7/9 (+5−0=4), and defeated Yu Yangyi in a tie-break match to win the tournament

2016

From 15 to 31 January, Carlsen participated in the 78th Tata Steel Chess Tournament, held in Wijk Aan Zee Carlsen won the tournament by scoring 9 points out of 13 (+5−0=8), earning him his 5th Wijk Aan Zee title

From 18 to 30 April, Carlsen played in the fourth edition of the Norway Chess Tournament He finished in first place with 6/9 (+4−1=4), half a point ahead of Levon Aronian, and a full point in front of Vladimir Kramnik, Veselin Topalov and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave This was Carlsen’s first Norway Chess victory

From 17 to 20 June, Carlsen played in the Leuven leg of the Grand Chess Tour He finished first in the rapid portion of the tournament with 12/18 (+5−2=2; two points for a win) and also first in the blitz portion with 11/18 (+7−3=8) to place first overall with a score of 23/36, two and a half points ahead of the runner-up, Wesley So

In July, Carlsen won the 9th edition of the Bilbao Masters Final, scoring 17 points out of 10 games (+4−1=5; a win was 3 points, a draw was 1 point) His only loss was to Hikaru Nakamura, who had never beaten Carlsen in classical chess before Also during this tournament, Carlsen recorded his first victory over Anish Giri in a classical game

Carlsen at the 42nd Chess Olympiad, 8 September 2016

Carlsen played ten games for Norway in the 42nd Chess Olympiad, scoring five wins and five draws, as the Norwegians placed 5th among the 180 teams in the open event

Carlsen also featured in Chesscom’s Grandmaster Blitz Battle Championship Magnus defeated Tigran L Petrosian 21 to 4 in the first round, and beat Alexander Grischuk 16 to 8 in the semi-final On 27 October, he faced Nakamura in the final Playing both blitz and bullet chess for a total of three hours, Carlsen defeated Nakamura 14½ to 10½ and became the first winner of the Chesscom Grandmaster Blitz Battle Championship

From 26 to 30 December, Carlsen played in the World Rapid and Blitz Championships held in Doha, Qatar He scored 11/15 in the rapid tournament, finishing third on tiebreak behind Ivanchuk and Grischuk In the blitz tournament, he scored 16½/21, finishing second on tiebreak behind Karjakin, and 2 points clear of the rest of the field

World Chess Championship 2016

Main article: World Chess Championship 2016

Carlsen faced Sergey Karjakin in the 2016 World Chess Championship in New York City The 12-game standard match, held between 11 and 28 November, concluded with a 6–6 tie The match began with seven consecutive draws Karjakin won game 8 after Carlsen overpressed, but Carlsen equalised the match in game 10 Games 11 and 12 were both drawn The tiebreaking games were held on 30 November, Carlsen’s 26th birthday After drawing games 1 and 2, Carlsen won games 3 and 4 to record a 3–1 victory and retain his World Champion title

World Chess Championship 2016
Rating Rank Classical games Rapid games Points
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
 Sergey Karjakin (RUS) 2772 9 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 6 (1)
 Magnus Carlsen (NOR) 2853 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 6 (3)

2017

Carlsen at the 79th Tata Steel Chess Tournament, 29 January 2017

In January, Carlsen participated in the 79th Tata Steel Chess Tournament He started well, scoring 2 wins and 4 draws in his first 6 games, but missed mate-in-3 versus Giri in round 7, which Giri described as “the most embarrassing moment” of Carlsen’s career Carlsen then lost in round 8 to Richárd Rapport, and ultimately placed second with 8/13 (+4−1=8), one point behind winner Wesley So

From 13 to 22 April, Carlsen competed in the 4th Grenke Chess Classic, finishing in joint second place, though third on tiebreaks, with Fabiano Caruana, with a score of 4/7 (+1−0=6) The clear winner with 5½ points (+4−0=3) was Levon Aronian As a result, Carlsen’s FIDE rating dropped to 2832, his lowest since November 2011 (2826)

Carlsen participated in the fifth edition of Norway Chess from 6 to 16 June He performed poorly and had a performance rating of 2755, his lowest since 2015 (2670, at the European Team Chess Championship) Ultimately, he placed ninth in the round-robin tournament with 4/9 (+1−2=6), losing to Aronian and Kramnik and winning against Karjakin Aronian won the tournament with 6/9 (+3−0=6)

Carlsen played in the Paris leg of the 2017 Grand Chess Tour, which was held from 21 to 25 June He finished first in the rapid portion of the tournament with 14/18 (+5−0=4; two points for a win) and fifth in the blitz portion with 10/18 (+8−6=4) to place joint first overall with Vachier-Lagrave Carlsen then defeated Vachier-Lagrave in the playoff to win the tournament

From 28 June to 2 July, he played in the Leuven leg of the Grand Chess Tour He won this tournament convincingly, scoring 11/18 (+3−1=5; two points for a win) in the rapid portion and 14½/18 (+12−1=5) in the blitz portion for an overall score of 25½/36, three points ahead of the runner-up, Wesley So Carlsen’s performance rating in the blitz portion of the tournament was 3018, which Garry Kasparov described as “phenomenal” Additionally, Leonard Barden, writing for The Guardian, said the performance was only matched by Fischer’s 19/22 score at the 1970 World Blitz Championship

From 2 to 11 August, Carlsen competed in the Sinquefield Cup, the first classical event of the Grand Chess Tour He finished joint second with Anand, scoring 5½/9 (+3−1=5) He recorded three victories (against Karjakin, So and Aronian) and his one loss was to Vachier-Lagrave, who won the tournament with 6/9 (+3−0=6) This result left Carlsen in first place in the Grand Chess Tour standings with 34 points, three points ahead of second place Vachier-Lagrave

In September, he took part in the Chess World Cup 2017 His participation in the event as World Champion was unusual as the World Cup is part of the cycle to challenge the World Champion in 2018 He defeated Oluwafemi Balogun +2−0=0 in the first round to advance to the second round, where he defeated Aleksey Dreev +2−0=0 He was then defeated in the third round by Bu Xiangzhi +0−1=1 and eliminated from the tournament

On 1 October, Carlsen won the Isle of Man Open, a tournament held from 23 September to 1 October He scored 7½/9 (+6−0=3), half a point ahead of Nakamura and Anand, for a performance rating of 2903 This was Carlsen’s first classical tournament victory in 435 days

From 9 to 14 November, Carlsen faced Ding Liren in the 2017 Champions Showdown, a match consisting of 10 rapid and 20 blitz games, hosted by the Saint Louis Chess Club Carlsen won, scoring 22–8 (+16−2=12)

From 1 to 11 December, Carlsen competed in the 2017 London Chess Classic, the final event of the 2017 Grand Chess Tour He finished fifth, scoring 5/9 (+2−1=6) Caruana shared first place with Nepomniachtchi on 6/9 (+3−0=6) and won the tournament after defeating Nepomniachtchi 2½–1½ in the blitz tiebreak Carlsen’s placing awarded him 7 additional points in the Grand Chess Tour standings, which was enough to crown him the 2017 Grand Chess Tour champion

From 26 to 30 December, Carlsen played in the 2017 World Rapid and World Blitz Chess Championships, held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia He finished fifth in the rapid event, scoring 10/15 (+8−3=4) Anand shared first place with Vladimir Fedoseev on 10½/15, and won the tournament after defeating Fedoseev on tiebreak Carlsen won the blitz event, scoring 16/21 (+13−2=6), one and a half points ahead of his nearest competitors, Karjakin and Anand This was Carlsen’s third World Blitz Chess Championship victory

2018

Carlsen facing Caruana at the 5th Grenke Chess Classic, 31 March 2018

From October 2017 to January 2018, Carlsen played in the second edition of Chesscom’s Speed Chess Championship He defeated Gadir Guseinov, So and Grischuk in the first three rounds 20½–5½, 27½–9½ and 15½–10½, respectively On 3 January he defeated Nakamura 18–9 in the final, thus winning the tournament for a second time in a row

From 13 to 28 January, Carlsen competed in the 80th Tata Steel Chess Tournament He placed joint first with Giri, scoring 9/13 (+5−0=8) Carlsen then defeated Giri 1½–½ in the blitz playoff, thus winning the tournament for a record sixth time In February, Carlsen won the unofficial Fischer Random Chess Championship, defeating Nakamura by a score of 14–10

Carlsen placed second with a score of 5½/9 (+2−0=7) in the 5th Grenke Chess Classic, held from 31 March to 9 April Caruana won the event with 6½/9 (+4−0=5) Carlsen won the fifth edition of Shamkir Chess, held from 18 to 28 April, finishing clear first with a score of 6/9 (+3−0=6) From 28 May to 7 June, he competed in the sixth edition of Norway Chess, placing second with 4½/8 (+2−1=5), half a point behind winner Caruana He defeated Caruana and Aronian in rounds 1 and 3, respectively, but lost to So in round 6

Carlsen participated in the 51st Biel Grandmaster tournament, held from 23 July to 1 August He finished second on 6/10 (+3−1=6), one-and-a-half points behind the winner Mamedyarov In August, he competed in the 6th Sinquefield Cup He tied for first with Caruana and Aronian on 5½/9 (+2−0=7), and jointly won the tournament after the trio decided to share the title Carlsen represented Vålerenga sjakklubb at the 34th European Chess Club Cup in October He scored 3½/6 (+1−0=5), as his team finished fifth

From 26 to 30 December, Carlsen played in the 2018 World Rapid and World Blitz Chess Championships, held in Saint Petersburg, Russia He lost three of his first eight games—including both of the first two—to significantly lower-rated opponents in the rapid event Despite a strong recovery, he was unable to attain a medal, placing fifth with 10½/15 (+9−3=3) He defended his blitz title, going unbeaten to finish clear first on a score of 17/21 (+13−0=8)

World Chess Championship 2018

Main article: World Chess Championship 2018

Carlsen faced Fabiano Caruana in the 2018 World Chess Championship in London The 12-game match, organised by FIDE, was played between 9 and 28 November All 12 classical time control games were drawn Carlsen retained his title by defeating Caruana 3–0 in rapid tiebreak games Carlsen cited the first rapid game as “critical”, and said he felt “very calm” after winning it

World Chess Championship 2018
Rating Rank Match games Tiebreak games Points
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
 Magnus Carlsen (NOR) 2835 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 6 (3)
 Fabiano Caruana (USA) 2832 2 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 0 6 (0)

2019

From 12 to 27 January, Carlsen competed in the 81st Tata Steel Chess Tournament With a score of 9/13 (+5−0=8), half a point ahead of Giri, he won the tournament for a record-extending seventh time

Carlsen participated in the sixth edition of Shamkir Chess, held from 31 March to 9 April He took clear first place with 7/9 (+5−0=4), two points ahead of runner-up Ding Carlsen said at the event’s closing ceremony that it was “one of the best tournaments I’ve ever played, both in terms of performance and also the quality of the games” Later in April, Carlsen won the 6th Grenke Chess Classic He took clear first place with 7½/9 (+6−0=3) and increased his rating to 2875

In early May, Carlsen won the Côte d’Ivoire Rapid & Blitz, the first leg of the 2019 Grand Chess Tour, with a score of 26½/36 In late May, Carlsen won his sixth tournament in a row, winning the Lindores Abbey Chess Stars Tournament The four-man rapid tournament was a double round-robin In addition to Carlsen, Anand, Ding, and Karjakin participated Carlsen’s score was 3½/6 (+1−0=5)

In June, he won the seventh edition of Norway Chess Scoring 13½/18, he finished three points ahead of his nearest competitors From 26 June to 7 July, Carlsen participated in the second leg of the 2019 Grand Chess Tour, held in Zagreb He took clear first with 8/11 (+5−0=6), and improved his rating to 2882, equalling his peak set in 2014 This was Carlsen’s eighth consecutive tournament victory

From 10 to 14 August, Carlsen participated in the fourth leg of the 2019 Grand Chess Tour, the St Louis Rapid & Blitz He had a poor showing, scoring 8/18 (+3−4=2, points doubled) in rapid and 9/18 (+6−6=6) in blitz for a combined total of 17/36, putting him in sixth place He said at the end of the first day of blitz: “Everything’s going wrong My confidence is long gone At this point I just don’t care anymore and I’m just waiting for the classical to start” The fifth leg, the 7th Sinquefield Cup, was a classical tournament Carlsen won his last two games to tie for first on 6½/11 (+2−0=9) with Ding, but lost the tiebreak 1–3, drawing both rapid games then losing two consecutive blitz games

At the FIDE Grand Swiss Tournament 2019 held in October on the Isle of Man, Carlsen placed sixth with 7½/11 (+4−0=7) He thus extended his unbeaten streak in classical chess to 101 games, surpassing Ding’s record of 100 games The 101 games consisted of 33 wins and 68 draws

From 27 October to 2 November, Carlsen played in the first official FIDE World Fischer Random Chess Championship He was automatically seeded to the semifinal round, as the unofficial Fischer Random Chess champion He defeated Fabiano Caruana in the semifinals 12½–7½, but lost to Wesley So in the final round 13½–2½ In late November, Carlsen won the Tata Steel Rapid & Blitz, the final leg of the 2019 Grand Chess Tour, with a score of 27/36 At the 2019 London Chess Classic in December, the finals of the 2019 Grand Chess Tour, Carlsen was defeated in the semifinals by Vachier-Lagrave on tie-breaks, 15½–14½ He then went on to beat Levon Aronian to claim third place

From 26 to 28 December, Carlsen participated in the 2019 World Rapid Chess Championship which he won with a score of 11½/15 (+8-0=7) including no losses to reclaim the title that he lost in 2016 Over the next two days, from 29 to 30 December he took part in the 2019 World Blitz Chess Championship He won after defeating Hikaru Nakamura in a tiebreak match, drawing the first game with black and winning the second game with the white pieces His overall score in the tournament was 16½/21 (+13−1=7)

2020

From 10 to 26 January, Carlsen competed in the 82nd Tata Steel Chess Tournament He finished in second place with a score of 8/13 (+3−0=10), two points behind the winner Caruana During the tournament, Carlsen surpassed Sergei Tiviakov’s unbeaten streak in classical chess of 110 games

During the COVID-19 pandemic, which prompted the cancellation of many physical tournaments, Carlsen organized the Magnus Carlsen Invitational along with Chess24 Billed as “the first professional online chess tournament,” the eight-player rapid tournament was held from 18 April to 3 May, with a $250,000 prize fund The first phase consisted of a single round-robin, after which the top four players would advance to the playoffs Carlsen won the event by defeating Hikaru Nakamura 2½–1½ in the final

Carlsen competed in the 8th Norway Chess from 5 to 16 October, which was the first elite over-the-board tournament held since social restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic were enforced During the tournament, Carlsen’s unbeaten streak in classical chess was ended by Jan-Krzysztof Duda Carlsen had gone 125 games without defeat, a period spanning 2 years, 2 months and 10 days He ultimately won the tournament with a round to spare, finishing on 19½ points, one point ahead of runner-up Alireza Firouzja

2021

In January, Carlsen participated in the 83rd Tata Steel Chess Tournament He finished in sixth place with a score of 7½/13, losing one game to young Russian grandmaster Andrey Esipenko This was Carlsen’s first loss to a teenager (at standard time controls) since 2011, and his first loss to a sub-2700 rated player since 2015

Throughout the year, Carlsen also participated in many online ch

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