Lachit Borphukan

Commander in the Ahom kingdom

Lachit Barphukan

Lachit Barphukan’s Statue at his maidam in Jorhat, Assam, India
Born (1622-11-24)24 November 1622
Charaideo, Ahom kingdom
Died 25 April 1672(1672-04-25) (aged 49)
Jorhat, Ahom kingdom
Allegiance Ahom kingdom
Rank Borphukan and Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom army
Battles/wars First battle of Itakhuli, Battle of Alaboi, Lead the Ahom army to decisive victory in 1671 Battle of Saraighat

Lachit Barphukan (24 November 1622 – 25 April 1672) was a commander and Borphukan, in the Ahom kingdom, located in present-day Assam, India, known for his leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat that thwarted a drawn-out attempt by Mughal forces under the command of Ramsingh I to take over Ahom kingdom He died about a year later due to illness

Biography

Lachit Borphukan was the youngest son of Momai Tamuli Borbarua, the first Borbarua of upper-Assam and Commander-in-Chief of the Ahom army under King Pratap Singha His father Momai Tamuli Borbarua, was a bonded labourer against a loan of four rupees, is his early life, later he turned to minister and a noble He was chosen for the position of Borphukan by Chakradhwaj Singha

Battle of Saraighat

Main article: Battle of Saraighat

After being defeated by Lachit and his forces, the Mughals army sailed up the Brahmaputra river from Dhaka towards Assam advancing to Guwahati The Mughal Army under Ram Singh I consisted of 30,000 infantry, 15,000 archers, 18,000 Turkish cavalry, 5,000 gunners and over 1000 cannons besides a large flotilla of boats

Ram Singh, the Mughal commander in chief failed to make any advance against the Assamese army during the first phase of the war An arrow carrying a letter by Ram Singh telling that Lachit have been paid rupees one lakh and he should evacuate Guwahati was fired into the Ahom camp, which eventually reached the Ahom king, Chakradhwaj Singha Although the king started to doubt Lachit’s sincerity and patriotism, his prime minister Atan Buragohain convinced the King this was just a trick against Lachit

Lachit Borphukan was victorious and the Mughals were forced to retreat from Guwahati

Legacy

Lachit bust at National Defense Academy

Lachit Divas

November 24 is celebrated as Lachit Divas (Lachit Day) to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat

Lachit Borphukan Gold Medal (Best Cadet of NDA)

The best passing out cadet of National Defence Academy is conferred the Lachit Borphukan gold medal every year from 1999

Mahabir Lachit Award

An award is presented to notable personalities of Assam by Tai Ahom Yuva Parishad (TAYPA)

Lachit Borphukan’s Maidam

Lachit Borphukan’s Maidam was constructed in memory of Lachit Borphukan at Jorhat, Assam It is 8 km far from the famous Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Here last remains of Borphukan were laid under this tomb (Maidam) constructed by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha in 1672

Gallery

  • Lachit Bhawan inside Lachit maidam

  • Lachit Barphukan’s maidam at Hoolungapara, Jorhat

  • Statue of Lachit Borphukan at National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla

  • Lachit Borphukon’s Statue near Church field, Tezpur

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