Jay-z Net worth, Net worth 2022, Age, Empire state of mind, Empire state of mind lyrics & More

American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur


Jay-Z in 2011
Shawn Corey Carter

(1969-12-04) December 4, 1969 (age 52)

New York City, US
Other names
  • The Carter Administration
  • Jigga
  • Hova
  • El Presidente
  • HOV
  • Rapper
  • songwriter
  • record producer
  • entrepreneur
  • record executive
  • media proprietor
Years active 1986–present
Organization Shawn Carter Foundation
  • Albums
  • singles
  • songs
  • videography
Television Free Meek
Women of the Movement
  • Founder of 40/40 Club and Roc Nation
  • Co-founder of Rocawear
  • CEO of Project Panther Bidco
Board member of
  • Tidal
  • Aspiro

(m 2008)

Children 3, including Blue Ivy
Awards Full list
Musical career
Genres Hip hop
  • Roc Nation
  • Atlantic
  • Def Jam
  • Roc-A-Fella
  • Priority
  • Payday
  • FFRR
Member of
  • The Carters
Formerly of
  • The Commission
  • High Potent
  • Murder Inc
  • The Throne
Musical artist
Website lifeandtimescom

Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969), known professionally as Jay-Z, is an American rapper, record producer, entrepreneur, and founder of Manhattan-based conglomerate talent and entertainment agency Roc Nation He is regarded as one of the most influential hip-hop artists He was the CEO of Def Jam Recordings and he has been central to the creative and commercial success of artists including Kanye West, Rihanna, and J Cole

Born and raised in New York City, Jay-Z first began his musical career in the late 1980s; he co-founded the record label Roc-A-Fella Records in 1995 and released his debut studio album Reasonable Doubt in 1996 The album was released to widespread critical success, and solidified his standing in the music industry He went on to release twelve additional albums, including the acclaimed albums The Blueprint (2001), The Black Album (2003), American Gangster (2007), and 4:44 (2017) He also released the full-length collaborative albums Watch the Throne (2011) with Kanye West and Everything Is Love (2018) with his wife Beyoncé, respectively

Through his business ventures Jay-Z has become the first hip-hop billionaire In 1999, he founded the clothing retailer Rocawear, and in 2003, he founded the luxury sports bar chain 40/40 Club Both businesses have grown to become multi-million-dollar corporations, and allowed him to start up Roc Nation in 2008 In 2015, he acquired the tech company Aspiro and took charge of their media streaming service Tidal In 2020, he launched “Monogram”, a line of cannabis products

One of the world’s best-selling music artists, with over 140 million records sold, Jay-Z has won 24 Grammy Awards, the joint-most Grammy awards of any rapper along with Kanye West Jay-Z also holds the record for the most number-one albums by a solo artist on the Billboard 200 (14) Additionally, he is a recipient of the NAACP’s President’s Award, a Primetime Emmy Award, and a Sports Emmy Award; and has also received a nomination for a Tony Award Ranked by Billboard and Rolling Stone as one of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, Jay-Z was the first rapper honored in the Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the first solo living rapper inducted in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame In 2013, Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world

Early life

Shawn Corey Carter was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City on December 4, 1969 He was raised in Marcy Houses, a housing project in Brooklyn’s Bedford–Stuyvesant neighborhood After their father, Adnis Reeves, abandoned the family, Jay-Z and his three siblings were raised by their mother, Gloria Carter Reeves would later meet and reconcile with Jay-Z shortly before dying in 2003 Jay-Z claims in his lyrics that in 1982, at age 12, he shot his older brother in the shoulder for stealing his jewelry Along with rapper AZ, he attended Eli Whitney High School in Brooklyn until it was closed He then attended nearby George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School with rappers The Notorious BIG and Busta Rhymes, followed by a stint at Trenton Central High School in Trenton, New Jersey, though he did not graduate According to his interviews and lyrics, he sold crack cocaine and was shot at three times during this period

According to his mother, Jay-Z used to wake up his siblings at night banging out drum patterns on the kitchen table She bought him a boombox for his birthday, sparking his interest in music, and he began freestyling and writing lyrics Known as “Jazzy” around the neighborhood, he later adopted the stage name “Jay-Z” in homage to his mentor Jaz-O Jay-Z can be briefly heard on several of Jaz-O’s early recordings in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including “H P Gets Busy”, “The Originators” and “Hawaiian Sophie” Jay-Z became embroiled in several battles with rapper LL Cool J in the early 1990s He first became known to a wide audience on the posse cut “Show and Prove” on the 1994 Big Daddy Kane album Daddy’s Home Jay-Z has been referred to as Big Daddy Kane’s hype man during this period, although Kane explains that he did not fill the traditional hype man role, and was instead basically making cameo appearances on stage “When I would leave the stage to go change outfits, I would bring out Jay-Z and Positive K and let them freestyle until I came back to the stage” The young Jay-Z appeared on a popular song by Big L, “Da Graveyard”, and on Mic Geronimo’s “Time to Build”, which also featured early appearances by DMX and Ja Rule in 1995 His first official rap single was called “In My Lifetime”, for which he released a music video in 1995 An unreleased music video was also produced for the B-side “I Can’t Get with That”

Music career

1995–1997: Reasonable Doubt and In My Lifetime, Vol 1

With no major label to give him a record deal, Jay-Z sold CDs out of his car and, with Damon “Dame” Dash and Kareem “Biggs” Burke, created Roc-A-Fella Records as an independent label in 1995 After striking a distribution deal with Priority, Jay-Z released his 1996 debut album Reasonable Doubt with beats from acclaimed producers such as DJ Premier and Super DJ Clark Kent and an appearance by The Notorious BIG The album reached number 23 on the Billboard 200, and was generally favored by critics This album would later be included in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time as No 248 and eventually reach platinum status

After reaching a new distribution deal with Def Jam in 1997, Jay-Z released his follow-up In My Lifetime, Vol 1 Produced by Sean “Puff Daddy” Combs, it outsold his previous release Jay-Z later explained that the album was made during one of the worst periods of his life when he was reeling from the death of his close friend, The Notorious BIG The album was a personal revelation for Jay-Z as he told the stories of his difficult upbringing The album’s glossy production stood as a contrast to his first release, and some dedicated fans felt he had “sold out” However, the album did feature some beats from producers who had worked with him on Reasonable Doubt, namely DJ Premier and Ski Like its predecessor, In My Lifetime, Vol 1 earned platinum status in the United States

1998–2000: Vol 2, Vol 3 and The Dynasty

In 1998, Jay-Z released Vol 2 Hard Knock Life which spawned the biggest hit of his career at the time, “Hard Knock Life (Ghetto Anthem)” He relied more on flow and wordplay, and he continued with his penchant for mining beats from the popular producers of the day such as Swizz Beatz, an upstart in-house producer for Ruff Ryders, and Timbaland Other producers included DJ Premier, Erick Sermon, The 45 King, and Kid Capri Charting hits from this album included “Can I Get A”, featuring Ja Rule and Amil, and “Nigga What, Nigga Who”, featuring Amil and Jaz-O Vol 2 would eventually become Jay-Z’s most commercially successful album; it was certified 5× Platinum in the United States and has to date sold over five million copies The album went on to win a Grammy Award, although Jay-Z boycotted the ceremony protesting DMX’s failure to garner a Grammy nomination

In 1999, Jay-Z collaborated with Mariah Carey on “Heartbreaker”, a song from her seventh album, Rainbow The song became Jay-Z’s first chart-topper in the US, spending two weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100 In that same year, Jay-Z released Vol 3 Life and Times of S Carter The album proved successful and sold over 3 million copies Vol 3's most successful single was “Big Pimpin”, featuring UGK

In 2000, Jay-Z released The Dynasty: Roc La Familia, which was originally intended to become a compilation album for Roc-A-Fella artists but Def Jam turned into a Jay-Z album The album helped to introduce newcomer producers The Neptunes, Just Blaze, Kanye West, and Bink, which have all gone on to achieve notable success This is also the first album where Jay-Z utilizes a more soulful sound than his previous albums The Dynasty sold over two million units in the US alone

2001–2002: Feud with Nas, The Blueprint and The Blueprint

In 2001, Jay-Z spoke out against Prodigy after he took an issue with a Jay-Z line from “Money, Cash, Hoes” that he felt alluded disparagingly to Mobb Deep and Prodigy’s dispute with Tupac Shakur, Snoop Dogg, and Death Row Records He later performed the song “Takeover”, at Summer Jam 2001, which initially attacked Prodigy and revealed photos of Prodigy dressed like Michael Jackson A line at the end of “Takeover” referred to Nas, who criticized him on “We Will Survive” Nas responded with a diss track called “Ether” and Jay-Z straightaway added a verse to “Takeover” which dissed Nas and would start a feud between the two rappers The feud had ended by 2005, Jay-Z stated Mark Pitts had helped them settle the feud

On September 11, 2001, hours before the September 11 attacks, Jay-Z released his sixth studio album, The Blueprint, which received a coveted five-mic review from hip-hop magazine The Source Written in just two days, the album sold more than 427,000 copies, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and reached 2× Platinum status in the US It was lauded for its production and its balance of “mainstream” and “hardcore” rap Eminem was the only guest rapper on the album, producing and rapping on the song “Renegade” Four tracks were produced by Kanye West and the album represents one of West’s first major breaks in the industry The Blueprint includes the popular songs “Izzo (HOVA)”, “Girls, Girls, Girls”, “Jigga That Nigga”, and “Song Cry” As of February 2012, the album had sold 27 million copies worldwide, even though its initial success had been overshadowed by the tragic events of 9/11 In 2019, The Blueprint was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant”

In October 2001, Jay-Z pleaded guilty to stabbing record producer Lance Rivera at the Kit Kat Klub in New York City in 1999 For this second-degree felony, Jay-Z was sentenced to three years’ probation

Jay-Z’s next solo album was 2002’s The Blueprint: The Gift & The Curse, a double-album The album debuted on the Billboard 200 at number one, selling over 3 million units in the US alone and surpassing The Blueprint It was later reissued in a single-disc version, The Blueprint 21, which retained half of the tracks from the original The album spawned two massive hit singles, “Excuse Me Miss” and “’03 Bonnie & Clyde”, which features Jay-Z’s then-girlfriend Beyoncé Knowles “Guns & Roses”, featuring Lenny Kravitz, and “Hovi Baby” were two successful radio singles as well The album also contained the tracks “A Dream”, featuring Faith Evans and the late The Notorious BIG; and “The Bounce”, featuring Kanye West The Blueprint 21 featured tracks that do not appear on The Blueprint: The Gift & the Curse, such as “Stop”, “La La La (Excuse Me Again)”, “What They Gonna Do, Part II” and “Beware” produced by and featuring Panjabi MC

2003–2005: The Black Album and initial retirement

Jay-Z in 2003

After visiting the south of France, Jay-Z announced work on his eighth studio album The Black Album at the opening of the 40/40 Club He worked with several producers including Just Blaze, The Neptunes, Kanye West, Timbaland, Eminem, DJ Quik, 9th Wonder, The Buchanans, and Rick Rubin Notable songs on the album included “What More Can I Say”, “Dirt Off Your Shoulder”, “Change Clothes”, and “99 Problems” The Black Album has sold more than 3 million copies in the US Jay-Z collaborated with R Kelly and released a collaborative studio album, The Best of Both Worlds

On November 25, 2003, Jay-Z held a concert—billed as a “retirement party” at Madison Square Garden in New York City, which would later be the focus of his film Fade to Black All proceeds went to charity Other performers included collaborators like the Roots (in the form of his backing band), Missy Elliott, Memphis Bleek, Beanie Siegel, Freeway, Mary J Blige, Beyoncé, Twista, Ghostface Killah, Foxy Brown, Pharrell Williams and R Kelly with special appearances by Voletta Wallace and Afeni Shakur, the mothers of The Notorious BIG and Tupac Shakur, respectively While Jay-Z had attested to a retirement from making new studio albums, various side projects and appearances soon followed Included in these were a greatest hits record, as well as the release and tour of Unfinished Business, the second collaborative album between Jay-Z and R Kelly

In 2004, Jay-Z collaborated with rock group Linkin Park, in which they released their collaborative remix EP Collision Course, which featured mashups of both artists’ songs, as well as a concert DVD The album’s only single, “Numb/Encore”, went on to win a Grammy for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration, and was performed with Linkin Park live at the Grammys, with a special appearance by Paul McCartney, who added verses from the song “Yesterday” The EP sold over 1 million copies in the US Jay-Z was the executive producer of The Rising Tied, the debut album of Fort Minor, the hip hop side project of Linkin Park rapper Mike Shinoda Jay-Z also planned to retire in 2004

Later in 2004, Jay-Z was named president of Def Jam Records, which led to Jay-Z, Dash and Biggs selling their remaining interests in Roc-A-Fella Records and Jay-Z taking control of both of the companies Reportedly this major industry move was prompted by disagreements between Jay-Z and Dash as to what direction Roc-A-Fella could undertake The publicized split between Jay-Z, Dash, and Biggs led to the former partners sending jabs at each other in interviews

2005–2007: Kingdom Come and American Gangster

Jay-Z at a concert in 2006

On October 27, 2005, Jay-Z headlined New York’s Power 1051 annual concert, Powerhouse The concert was entitled the “I Declare War” concert leading to intense speculation in the weeks preceding the event on whom exactly Jay-Z would declare war As he had previously “declared war” on other artists taking lyrical shots at him at other events, many believed that the Powerhouse show would represent an all-out assault by Jay-Z upon his rivals The theme of the concert was Jay-Z’s position as president and CEO of Def Jam, complete with an on-stage mock-up of the Oval Office Many artists made appearances such as the old roster of Roc-A-Fella records artists, as well as Ne-Yo, Teairra Marí, TI, Young Jeezy, Akon, Kanye West, Paul Wall, The LOX, and Diddy

At the conclusion of the concert, Jay-Z put many arguments to rest to the surprise of hip hop fans The most significant development in this show was closure to the infamous hip hop rivalry between Jay-Z and Nas The two former rivals shook hands and shared the stage together to perform Jay-Z’s “Dead Presidents” blended with Nas’s song “The World is Yours”

Jay-Z returned with his comeback album on November 21, 2006, titled Kingdom Come Jay-Z’s comeback single, “Show Me What You Got”, was leaked on the Internet in early October 2006, scheduled to be released later on that month, received heavy air-play after its leak, causing the FBI to step in and investigate Jay-Z worked with video director Hype Williams, and the single’s video was directed by F Gary Gray The album features production from Just Blaze, Pharrell, Kanye West, Dr Dre and Coldplay’s Chris Martin (single entitled “Beach Chair”) The first week saw 680,000 sales of the CD, which Entertainment Weekly said was “the highest single-week total in Jay’s decade long career” This album has sold 2 million copies in the US

Jay-Z released his tenth album entitled American Gangster on November 6, 2007 After viewing the Ridley Scott film of the same name, Jay-Z was heavily inspired to create a new “concept” album that depicts his experiences as a street-hustler The album is not the film’s official soundtrack, although it was distributed by Def Jam Jay-Z’s American Gangster depicts his life in correlation to the movie American Gangster At the start of the album’s first single, “Blue Magic”, Jay-Z offers a dealer’s manifesto while making references to political figures of the late 1980s with the lyric: “Blame Reagan for making me to into a monster, blame Oliver North and Iran-Contra, I ran contraband that they sponsored, before this rhymin’ stuff we was in concert” Also notable about the “Blue Magic” music video was Jay-Z flashing €500 notes; Harvard Business School professor Rawi Abdelal called this a “turning point in American pop culture’s response to globalization” The album has sold 1 million copies in the US On January 1, 2008, Jay-Z resigned as president of Def Jam

2008–2011: The Blueprint 3 and Watch the Throne

Jay-Z performing in 2008

In winter 2008, it was announced that Jay-Z would become the first major hip hop artist to headline Britain’s Glastonbury Festival Tickets sold out quickly Former headliner Noel Gallagher of Oasis condemned the festival organizers for choosing Jay-Z to headline a traditionally guitar-driven festival “I’m sorry, but Jay-Z” Gallagher asked, swearing “No chance Glastonbury has a tradition of, kind of, guitar music, do you know what I mean And even when they throw the odd curve balls in on a Sunday night—you go, ‘Kylie Minogue I don’t know about that’, do you know what I mean—but I’m not having hip hop at Glastonbury, no way, no, no It’s wrong” As controversy mounted, Jay-Z replied, “We don’t play guitars, Noel, but hip hop has put in its work like any other form of music This headline show is just a natural progression Rap music is still evolving We have to respect each other’s genre of music and move forward” Jay-Z opened his Glastonbury set with a tongue-in-cheek cover of Oasis’s iconic song “Wonderwall”, and went on to deliver a performance heralded as a successful response to pre-festival criticism

He also headlined many other summer festivals in 2008, including Roskilde Festival in Denmark, Hove Festival in Norway and O2 Wireless Festival in London During Kanye West’s concert of August 6, 2008, at Madison Square Garden, Jay-Z came out to perform a new song and he and West proclaimed that it was to be on The Blueprint 3 On May 21, 2009, Jay-Z announced he would be parting ways with Def Jam, and had struck a multi-million-dollar deal to sign with Live Nation, with whom he would start his Roc Nation imprint which would serve as a record label, talent/management agency, and music publishing company and also partnered with production team Stargate to start a record label called StarRoc Jay-Z’s 11th studio album The Blueprint 3 was originally to be released on September 11, 2009, but was instead released in North America on September 8, 2009, due to increasing anticipation Its international release followed on September 14 It is his 11th album to reach No 1 on the Billboard 200 and has surpassed Elvis Presley’s previous record, making him the current solo-artist record holder On October 9, 2009, Jay-Z kicked off his tour for The Blueprint 3, during which he supported his new album in North America In a Shave Magazine review of his performance at Rexall Place in Edmonton, Jake Tomlinson expressed that “It was the type of smooth performance you would expect from the hip-hop superstar” The review gave this performance 4 stars His North American tour continued until November 22, 2009 At his concert on November 8, 2009, at UCLA’s Pauley Pavilion, Rihanna joined him on stage and performed “Hard” for the first time, then performed “Run This Town” with Jay-Z Among his success, Jay-Z has ventured into producing Broadway shows Along with Jada Pinkett Smith and Will Smith, Jay-Z helped produce the play Fela!, a musical celebrating the work of the late Nigerian star Fela Kuti Jay-Z said he was inspired by the power of Kuti’s work and his life story, which resulted in his interest to help produce the musical Fela! is a story about an African pioneer and political activist who made his first moves on the scene during the 1970s

Jay-Z performing at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival in April 2010

On January 23, 2010, Jay-Z released a track, “Stranded (Haiti Mon Amour)”, with Rihanna, and U2’s Bono and The Edge, as well as performing it at the Hope For Haiti Now telethon In June 2010, Eminem and Jay-Z announced they would perform together in a pair of concerts in Detroit and New York The event was dubbed The Home & Home Tour The first two concerts rapidly sold out, prompting the scheduling of an additional show at each venue Jay-Z was the supporting act for U2 on the Australian and New Zealand leg of their U2 360° Tour, beginning in Auckland, New Zealand, in November 2010, followed by Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth in December Jay-Z also appeared on stage during U2 performances of “Sunday Bloody Sunday”, and in Auckland also on a five-track EP entitled Watch the Throne, although it was later revealed by West that the project had become a full-length LP Recording sessions for the album took place at various recording locations and began in November 2010 The first single released for the project was “H•A•M” The track was co-produced by Lex Luger and West himself The track ended up being on the deluxe edition of the album The follow-up to that was the second single “Otis”, which premiered on Funkmaster Flex’s Hot 97 radio show, and was later released to the iTunes Store eleven days later The song’s existence, along with several other tracks from the album, was confirmed during a listening session hosted by Jay-Z The album was first released on the iTunes Store, five days prior to its being released in physical format, a strategy Jay-Z later said was used to block an internet leak It debuted at No 1 on the iTunes Store in 23 countries It also broke Coldplay’s record for most albums sold in one week on the online retailer, selling 290,000 copies on iTunes alone It held that record until Lil Wayne’s Tha Carter IV was released twenty-one days later, selling 10,000 copies more It debuted on the US Billboard 200 chart at No 1, selling 436,000 copies in its first week The album received generally positive reviews Jay-Z and West later gave a surprise performance of “Otis” at the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards

2012–2016: Magna Carta Holy Grail and other ventures

Jay-Z embraces wife Beyoncé after his performance of “Tom Ford” on The Mrs Carter Show World Tour, 2013

Jay-Z collaborated with MIA on her single “XXXO”, which achieved a fair level of success and went on to become remixed by several producers worldwide In May 2012, Jay-Z and Philadelphia Mayor Michael A Nutter announced Jay-Z as the curator and the headliner for the first annual “Budweiser Made in America” festival at Fairmount Park in Philadelphia on September 1 and 2, 2012 The performance was produced by Live Nation and assembled an eclectic lineup of “rock, hip hop, R&B, Latin music and dance” musicians Jay-Z and Rihanna were the two main headlining acts for BBC Radio 1’s 2012 Hackney Weekend music festival on June 23 to 24 Jay-Z opened his set with an appearance from Rihanna, they performed “Run this Town” On September 6, “Clique” was released, a single from the album “Cruel Summer”, by GOOD Music Kanye West and Big Sean starred alongside Jay-Z on the track Jay-Z took the subway to his sold-out show at The Barclays Center on October 6, 2012 On November 12, 2012, Coldplay announced that they will be playing with Jay-Z at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn on December 31

On September 23, 2010, Q-Tip confirmed working on Jay-Z’s follow-up album to The Blueprint 3, saying the album was to hit stores by spring 2011 In May 2012 it was reported that Jay-Z would work on new music with Roc Nation producer Jahlil Beats Beats told XXL magazine: “Me and Jay-Z been going back and forth He picked a couple of my joints that he’s working on I don’t even wanna say too much about Jay, but we definitely working on some stuff I haven’t even sent him a bunch of beats I sent him my favorite stuff He hit me right back like, ‘Yo, I’ma go in on this,’ or, ‘I like this'” The album has been named one of the most anticipated albums of 2013 by Complex Magazine, MTV, and XXL Production will come from Jahlil Beats, Kanye West, Rick Rubin, Swizz Beatz, Timbaland, and Pharrell Williams Jay-Z also made an appearance on Justin Timberlake’s comeback single “Suit & Tie” from his third studio album The 20/20 Experience, the song itself was produced by both Jay-Z and Timberlake’s mutual friend, Timbaland Timberlake and Jay-Z embarked on the co-headlining Legends of the Summer Stadium Tour During the fifth game of the 2013 NBA Finals, Carter announced his twelfth studio album, Magna Carta Holy Grail, and was released on July 4, 2013 Not long after, Jay-Z confirmed that the hyphen in his stage name would be left out and officially stylized in all capital letters Magna Carta Holy Grail debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and sold 528,000 copies in its first week, which bypassed its predicted debut in the range of 350,000 to 400,000 In December 2013, it was announced that Jay-Z had received nine nominations at the 2014 Grammy Awards, more than any other artist Jay-Z appeared on his wife Beyoncé’s self-titled fifth studio album, Beyoncé, with a feature on the song “Drunk in Love” They performed this song together at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards opening The song and its accompanying album would later win three Grammy Awards including Best R&B Performance at the 2015 ceremony

In 2016, he won a lawsuit for the song “Made in America” with Kanye West featuring Frank Ocean against Joel McDonald

2017–present: 4:44 and Everything Is Love

Announcement of the new collaborative album in London

In early June 2017, posters were displayed in New York City and Los Angeles, as well as banner ads on the Internet promoting a Tidal-related project titled 4:44 A teaser ad was aired during the NBA Finals on June 7 featuring actors Mahershala Ali, Lupita Nyong’o and Danny Glover in a one-minute video, ending in “4:44 – 63017, Exclusively on Tidal” On June 18, the project was confirmed to be a new Jay-Z album, and a clip featuring a song titled “Adnis” was posted on Sprint’s YouTube page

4:44 was released through Roc Nation and Universal Music Group, as an exclusive to Sprint and Tidal customers The album is the first in a planned series of music exclusives from the Sprint–Tidal partnership For a short time, on July 2, the album was made available for free digital download in Tidal’s site A physical edition was released on July 7, including three additional tracks On the same day, the album was made available to other streaming platforms, such as Apple Music, Google Play Music and Amazon Music

The album received widespread acclaim from critics, who praised its emotional and personal content On July 5, the album was certified Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), in recognition of one million copies purchased by Sprint and offered to consumers as free downloads It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making it Jay-Z’s 13th consecutive studio album to top the chart The album spawned two singles, the title track “4:44” and “Bam”, as well as several music videos, directed by a variety of high-profile collaborators The album received a Grammy Award nomination for Album of the Year, while the title track was nominated for Song of the Year and “The Story of OJ” was nominated for Record of the Year at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards

On June 6, 2018, Jay-Z and Beyoncé kicked-off the On the Run II Tour in Cardiff, United Kingdom Ten days later, at their final London performance, the pair unveiled Everything Is Love, their much-awaited joint studio album, credited under the name The Carters The pair also released the video for the album’s lead single, “Apeshit”, on Beyoncé’s official YouTube channel The song won two awards from eight nominations at the 2018 MTV Video Music Awards

In 2021, Jay-Z was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame along with fellow rapper LL Cool J He also appeared on the song “Jail” on Kanye West’s 2021 album Donda, which went on to win Grammy Award for Best Rap Song at the 64th Annual Grammy Awards and on the song “Love All” from Drake’s 2021 album Certified Lover Boy

In 2022, his first feature was a collaboration with fellow rapper Pusha-T, “Neck & Wrist” featuring Pharrell Williams from Pusha-T’s album It’s Almost Dry He also was awarded the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety Special (Live), as a producer for the Super Bowl LVI halftime show

Musical style


Jay-Z says his earliest exposure to music was through his parents’ record collection, which was mostly of soul artists such as Marvin Gaye and Donny Hathaway He says “I grew up around music, listening to all types of people I’m into music that has soul in it, whether it be rap, R&B, pop music, whatever As long as I can feel their soul through the wax, that’s what I really listen to” He often uses excerpts from these artists as samples in his work, particularly in the Kanye West productions included on The Blueprint

Rapping technique

Royce da 5’9″ and Fredro Starr of Onyx both describe Jay-Z’s emphasis on flow in the book How to Rap—Starr says that Jay-Z is “a master of the flow—he can flow fast, he can flow slow” The book describes how Jay-Z uses ‘rests’ to provide structure to a verse and how he uses ‘partial linking’ to add more rhymes to a verse Jay-Z’s early style is described by Vibe as “a distinctly Das EFX-type, stiggety style” on his 12″ single “Can’t Get With That”, referring to the fast rhythms and vocal delivery of the group Das EFX He is also known to write lyrics in his head, as described by Pusha T of Clipse in How to Rap, a style popular with many MCs such as The Notorious BIG, Everlast, Bobby Creekwater and Guerilla Black Shock G of Digital Underground describes Jay-Z’s performance style, saying he “rarely breaks a sweat, and instead uses smoothness and clever wordplay to keep the audience interested and entertained” Jay-Z’s fast rapping technique, also known as the “triplet rhyme”, was developed during his early years of creating music with former mentor Jaz-O

Business career

Jay-Z has also established himself as a successful entrepreneur with a business empire spanning a variety of industries from clothing lines, beverages, real estate, sport teams, and record labels In an interview, he stated that “my brands are an extension of me They’re close to me It’s not like running GM, where there’s no emotional attachment”


Jay-Z appeared in a 2003 Reebok collection advertising his S Carter Collection

Jay-Z and Damon Dash are the founders of the urban clothing brand Rocawear Rocawear has clothing lines and accessories for men, women and children The line was taken over by Jay-Z in early 2006 following a falling out with Dash In March 2007, Jay-Z sold the rights to the Rocawear brand to Iconix Brand Group for $204 million He retains his stake in the company and continues to oversee the marketing, licensing and product development

Alcohol Beverages

In 2014, Jay-Z invested $200 million in Armand de Brignac champagne—owned at the time by Sovereign Brands, a New York–based wine and spirits company—for a 100 percent stake, making it the second alcoholic product acquisition in his financial investment portfolio The brand is known for its popularity with high-profile artists as being the gold bottles often referred to in media His ties to the company date back to 2006, and he received millions of dollars per year for his association with Armand de Brignac before he bought the entire company

Jay-Z serves as co-brand director for Budweiser Select and collaborates with the company on strategic marketing programs and creative ad development He provides direction on brand programs and ads that appear on TV, radio, print, and high-profile events


In March 2015, Jay-Z completed the $56 million acquisition of Aspiro, a Norwegian media technology company that operates the subscription-based music streaming service Tidal, which has been in operation since October 2014 The music service was acquired through his company Project Panther Bidco Ltd (an entity indirectly owned by Jay-Z’s S Carter Enterprises a company holding interests in leading international music, media and entertainment companies) The music service combines audio and music videos with curated editorial The main idea of the service is to bring major revenue streams back to the music artists themselves as the idea of an artist-owned streaming platform was stated as to “restore the value to music by launching a service owned by artists” Jay-Z currently is a major shareholder in the company

In July 2015, Carter made a significant investment to JetSmarter, an app helping people book private executive plane flights The app was built by Sergey Petrossov

Music Industry

From 2005-2008 Jay-Z was president of Def Jam Recordings Under Jay-Z’s leadership, Def Jam launched the successful careers of contemporary R&B singers Rihanna and Ne-Yo At the end of 2007, after he released American Gangster, Jay-Z decided not to renew his contract as the president and CEO of Def Jam in order to start his new Live Nation venture, Roc Nation

In April 2011, it was reported that Jay-Z had outbid executives at Universal Music and Jive Records to acquire independent record label Block Starz Music

Sports Industry

For ten years (2003–2013), Jay-Z enjoyed his role as a part-owner of the Brooklyn Nets NBA team, having paid a reported $1 million for his share, which declined in value to $350,000 in April 2013, based on Forbes magazine’s valuation of the team He encouraged the team’s relocation to Brooklyn’s Barclays Center (from New Jersey) in the 2012–2013 season, at which point the team took on the Brooklyn Nets moniker

On April 18, 2013, Jay-Z officially announced through his Life + Times website in a press release that he would be relinquishing his ownership in the Brooklyn Nets The shares were eventually sold to singer, rapper, actor and entrepreneur Will Pan, making Pan the first American of Taiwanese descent to own a US professional sports franchise Jay-Z’s cited Pan’s athletic background (he was a team captain of his high school basketball team and played in college), his multitude of musical styles, his influence in the Taiwanese American community, and his business acumen and portfolio (including being the founder and chief executive of software company Camigo Media and a co-founder of streetwear boutique NPC ), as reasons why his bid was successful

In September 2013, his stake in Barclays Center was sold for $15 million

On April 2, 2013, ESPN reported Jay-Z’s plans to launch his own sports agency, Roc Nation Sports, with a focus on the representation of various professional athletes The sport management group is a partnership with Creative Artists Agency In conjunction with the agency’s launch, New York Yankees’s second baseman Robinson Canó left agent Scott Boras to sign with the company ESPN also mentioned that Jay-Z himself was planning to be a certified sports agent, first in baseball and eventually in basketball and football In order to represent clients in basketball, he would have to give up his small share of the Brooklyn Nets

In October 2005, he was reported in English media as considering buying a stake of Arsenal FC, an English soccer team Through his conglomerate company Gain Global Investments Network LLC, he had an interest estimated between 2 and 7% in the Aqueduct Entertainment Group (AEG) consortium, which in January 2010 was awarded a contract to operate a 4,500-slot-machine racino at the Aqueduct Race Track Jay-Z became interested in the project after New York Governor David Paterson who awarded the contract said there had to be an affirmative action component to the ownership Jay-Z was initially approached by casino mogul Steve Wynn, who was also bidding on the contract On March 9, 2010, Jay-Z and Flake withdrew from the project, and Paterson recused himself from further involvement


On April 5, 2011, Jay-Z launched the popular culture and lifestyle online magazine Life + Times It features content that showcases his high-end tastes in clothing, appliances, and cars The site design is aesthetically aimed at the upwardly mobile young male demographic, with sports and music-related posts accompanying those about fashion and design Among the music content is the Decoded series, originating from Jay-Z’s memoir of the same name and featuring a select rapper deciphering their own lyrics

In January 2015, after being contacted by the webzine, the DJ and radio host Funkmaster Flex revealed that he had been contacted in 2013 for a story about a digital app he made at the time, but alleged that the information was instead used to help launch the Magna Carta Samsung app for the release of Jay-Z’s album of the same name “But I was good with that I ate that Everybody’s out here hustling”, Flex reasoned to Vibe

In 2016, he signed a two-year exclusive film and TV Deal with Weinstein Company and with the deal gives them first-look options to create scripted and unscripted TV projects and film projects, and those projects were in works As part of his deal with Weinstein company, he produced a documentary series on the life of Kalief Browder who was imprisoned for three years and committed suicide upon his release He also addressed racial profiling and police brutality in a conscious manner

Other ventures

Jay-Z also co-owns the 40/40 Club, an upscale sports bar that started in New York City, and has since expanded to Atlantic City and Chicago In 2008, the 40/40 Club in Las Vegas was closed down and bought back by the hotel after attendance steadily declined In 2005, Jay-Z became an investor in Carol’s Daughter, a line of beauty products, including products for hair, skin, and hands

In 2010, he announced plans to expand his 40/40 Club sports bar chain into as many as 20 airports, joining his business partners, Juan and Desiree Perez, in a deal with Delaware North

On November 16, 2010, Jay-Z published a memoir entitled Decoded

Parlux fragrances sued Jay-Z for $18 million for the failure of his cologne, Gold They claim the cologne’s failure is due to Jay-Z not doing social media posts and interviews about the cologne Parlux claims they projected selling $15 million the first year, and $35 million the second, and subsequent years after the launch The fragrance sold $14 million the first year and $61 million the second Parlux lost money on the venture and have had constant returns of unsold inventory

Jay-Z collaborated with Cohiba to launch his own cigars

In August 2020, Jay-Z’s Roc Nation partnered with Brooklyn’s Long Island University to establish the Roc Nation School of Music, Sports & Entertainment

In November 2020, it was announced that Jay-Z would be join TPCO Holding Corp, a newly formed cannabis products company, in the role of “Chief Visionary Officer”

Personal life

Relationship with Beyoncé

Jay-Z and Beyoncé performing in November 2009

In 2002, Jay-Z and singer Beyoncé collaborated on the song “’03 Bonnie & Clyde” He also appeared on Beyoncé’s hit single “Crazy in Love” as well as “That’s How You Like It” from her debut album Dangerously in Love On her second album, B’Day, he made appearances on the hits “Déjà Vu” and “Upgrade U” In the video for the latter song, she comically imitates his appearance They kept a low profile while dating and were married on April 4, 2008 Their relationship became a matter of public record on April 22, 2008, but Beyoncé did not publicly debut her $5 million Lorraine Schwartz-designed wedding ring until the Fashion Rocks concert on September 5, 2008 They reside in an $88 million home in the Bel Air neighborhood of Los Angeles They generally avoid discussing their relationship, and Beyoncé has stated her belief that this has helped them, while Jay-Z agreed in a People article that they do not “play with relationship”

Beyoncé and Jay-Z were listed as the most powerful couple for Time magazine’s 100 most influential people of 2006 In January 2009, Forbes ranked them as Hollywood’s top-earning couple, with a combined total of $162 million They made it to the top of the list the following year, with a combined total of $122 million between June 2008 and June 2009

At the 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, Beyoncé revealed that she was pregnant with their first child Their daughter, Blue Ivy, was born at New York’s Lenox Hill Hospital on January 7, 2012 Jay-Z released “Glory”, a song dedicated to their child, through his website on January 9, 2012 The song detailed the couple’s pregnancy struggles, including a miscarriage Beyoncé had suffered Because Blue’s cries were included at the end of the song and she was officially credited on the song as “BIC”, she became the youngest person ever (at two days old) to appear on a Billboard chart when “Glory” debuted at No 74 on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs On June 18, 2017, Beyoncé’s father Mathew Knowles confirmed that she and Jay-Z had welcomed twins: a daughter named Rumi and a son named Sir

Legal issues

On December 1, 1999, Jay-Z, who had come to believe that record executive Lance “Un” Rivera was behind the bootlegging of Vol 3, stabbed Rivera at the release party for Q-Tip’s album Amplified at the Kit Kat Klub, a now-defunct night club in Times Square, New York City Jay-Z’s associates at the party were accused of causing a commotion within the club, which Jay-Z allegedly used as cover while he stabbed Rivera in the stomach with a five-inch (127 mm) blade He surrendered to police the following evening and was placed under arrest, although he was soon released on $50,000 bail When he was indicted in Manhattan Criminal Court in late January 2000, he pleaded not guilty; he and his lawyers contended that they had witnesses and videotapes proving he had been nowhere near Rivera during the incident Nevertheless, he later pleaded guilty to third-degree assault and accepted a three-year probation sentence

Jay-Z later addressed the case in his 2010 book Decoded:


Jay-Z with his mother Gloria

During his first retirement from music, Jay-Z also became involved in philanthropic activity In 2003, Jay-Z, together with his mother, founded the Shawn Carter Foundation, which has assisted eligible students facing socio-economic hardships through college On August 9, 2006, he met with United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan at the organization’s headquarters in New York City The rapper pledged to use his upcoming world tour to raise awareness of and combat global water shortage Already on the look-out for a way to, in his own words, “become helpful”, he had been made aware of this issue during a visit to Africa by Bono from the rock group U2 The effort took place in partnership with the UN, as well as MTV, which produced a documentary entitled Diary of Jay-Z: Water for Life, first airing in November 2006 Along with Sean “Diddy” Combs, Jay-Z pledged $1 million to the American Red Cross’s relief effort after Hurricane Katrina Jay-Z stated his support for Kanye West after the latter’s outburst against President George W Bush during a live Katrina charity telethon He also addressed the issue of the Katrina disaster, and the government’s response, in his one-verse song “Minority Report”

Jay-Z stated in the song “Nickels & Dimes” that “the greatest form of giving is anonymous to anonymous”; and, in 2013, it was revealed by author dream hampton, who co-wrote Jay-Z’s book Decoded, that he quietly established a trust fund for Sean Bell’s children

Jay-Z has donated money to bailing out protestors arrested during activism against police brutality

In March 2020, Jay-Z donated $1 million through the Shawn Carter Foundation for relief during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York; additionally, in April 2020, Jay-Z donated, along with Meek Mill, over 100,000 face masks to US prisons to protect inmates from COVID-19


Jay-Z with Barack Obama at a rally in 2012

In 2006, Jay-Z appeared with Russell Simmons in a PSA combating racism and anti-Semitism organized by the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding By 2008, Jay-Z was actively involved in the 2008 presidential campaign, where he supported increased voter participation and helped send voters to polling stations He was an early supporter for the candidacy of Illinois senator and subsequent US president Barack Obama, performing for free in voter-drive concerts financed by the Democrats’ campaign He also became acquainted with Obama himself, who stated “Every time I talk to Jay-Z, who is a brilliant talent and a good guy, I enjoy how he thinks That’s somebody who is going to start branching out and can help shape attitudes in a real positive way” During the 2010 mid-term elections’ campaign, Jay-Z appeared, along with other artists, in an ad prepared by the HeadCount organization, urging voters, and especially younger ones, to register and vote In May 2012, Jay-Z announced his endorsement of President Obama’s support of same-sex marriage and participated in his re-election campaign

Musician and civil rights activist Harry Belafonte has been critical of Jay-Z and Beyoncé in their safe political stances, saying that they “have turned their back on social responsibility” in an interview with the Hollywood Reporter He also voiced that the hip-hop mogul likely would never have come out in support of gay marriage had President Obama not first taken the initiative

In the 2016 US presidential election, Jay-Z and Beyoncé supported presidential candidate Hillary Clinton at her rally in Cleveland Clinton praised Jay-Z for addressing racism, oppression, and the criminal justice system He described Donald Trump as a “superbug” and condemned remarks he perceived as racist, but later said that Trump’s rhetoric forced people to come together and address difficult issues such as white privilege


Main articles: Jay-Z albums discography, singles, and videography
Studio albums
  • Reasonable Doubt (1996)
  • In My Lifetime, Vol 1 (1997)
  • Vol 2 Hard Knock Life (1998)
  • Vol 3 Life and Times of S Carter (1999)
  • The Dynasty: Roc La Familia (2000)
  • The Blueprint (2001)
  • The Blueprint: The Gift & the Curse (2002)
  • The Black Album (2003)
  • Kingdom Come (2006)
  • American Gangster (2007)
  • The Blueprint 3 (2009)
  • Magna Carta Holy Grail (2013)
  • 4:44 (2017)
Collaborative albums
  • The Best of Both Worlds with R Kelly (2002)
  • Unfinished Business with R Kelly (2004)
  • Watch the Throne with Kanye West (2011)
  • Everything Is Love with Beyoncé (as the Carters) (2018)


  • Streets Is Watching (1998)
  • Backstage (2000)
  • State Property (2002)
  • Paper Soldiers (2002)
  • Paid in Full (2002, producer)
  • Fade to Black (2004)
  • The Great Gatsby (2013, executive producer)
  • Made in America (2013, documentary)
  • Annie (2014, producer)
  • Rest in Power: The Trayvon Martin Story (2018, executive producer)
  • Teddy (2023, executive producer)



  • Reasonable Doubt Tour (1996)
  • Hard Knock Life Tour (1999)
  • Blueprint Lounge Tour (2001)
  • Hangar Tour (2006)
  • American Gangster Live (2007)
  • Jay-Z Fall Tour/Blueprint 3 Tour (2009–2010)
  • Magna Carter World Tour (2013–14)
  • 4:44 Tour (2017)


  • Rock the Mic (with 50 Cent) (2003)
  • Best of Both Worlds Tour (with R Kelly) (2004)
  • Heart of the City Tour (with Mary J Blige) (2008)
  • Jay-Z & Ciara Live (with Ciara) (2009)
  • The Home & Home Tour (with Eminem) (2010)
  • Watch the Throne Tour (with Kanye West) (2011–12)
  • Legends of the Summer Stadium Tour (with Justin Timberlake) (2013)
  • On the Run Tour (with Beyoncé) (2014)
  • On the Run II Tour (with Beyoncé) (2018)


  • No Way Out Tour (with Puff Daddy & Bad Boy Records) (1997)
  • Projekt Revolution 2008 Europe (with Linkin Park) (2008)
  • Viva la Vida Tour (with Coldplay) (2008)
  • U2 360° Tour (with U2) (2009–11)


  • Decoded by Jay-Z (2010: Spiegel & Grau, 336 pages) ISBN 978-1-4000-6892-0 Part memoir and part a collection of Jay-Z lyrics with the stories behind them

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Jay-Z

In 2006, he was enstooled as the Sarkin Waka of Kwara – a chieftain of the Fula people – by Alhaji Ibrahim Kolapo Sulu Gambari, the Emir of the Ilorin Emirate

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