Barack Obama

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Barack Obama

president of United States

Barack Obama

Born:
August 4, 1961 (age 61) Honolulu Hawaii
Title / Office:
presidency of the United States of America (2009-2017), United States United States Senate (2005-2008), United States
Political Affiliation:
Democratic Party
Awards And Honors:
Nobel Prize (2009) Grammy Award (2007) Grammy Award (2005) Grammy Award (2008): Best Spoken Word Album Grammy Award (2006): Best Spoken Word Album Nobel Peace Prize (2009) John F Kennedy Profile in Courage Award (2017)
Notable Works:
“A Promised Land” “Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance” “The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream”

Barack Obama, in full Barack Hussein Obama II, (born August 4, 1961, Honolulu, Hawaii, US), 44th president of the United States (2009–17) and the first African American to hold the office Before winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the US Senate (2005–08) He was the third African American to be elected to that body since the end of Reconstruction (1877) In 2009 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

Early life

Obama’s father, Barack Obama, Sr, was a teenage goatherd in rural Kenya, won a scholarship to study in the United States, and eventually became a senior economist in the Kenyan government Obama’s mother, S Ann Dunham, grew up in Kansas, Texas, and Washington state before her family settled in Honolulu In 1960 she and Barack Sr met in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii and married less than a year later

When Obama was age two, Barack Sr left to study at Harvard University; shortly thereafter, in 1964, Ann and Barack Sr divorced (Obama saw his father only one more time, during a brief visit when Obama was 10) Later Ann remarried, this time to another foreign student, Lolo Soetoro from Indonesia, with whom she had a second child, Maya Obama lived for several years in Jakarta with his half sister, mother, and stepfather While there, Obama attended both a government-run school where he received some instruction in Islam and a Catholic private school where he took part in Christian schooling

He returned to Hawaii in 1971 and lived in a modest apartment, sometimes with his grandparents and sometimes with his mother (she remained for a time in Indonesia, returned to Hawaii, and then went abroad again—partly to pursue work on a PhD—before divorcing Soetoro in 1980) For a brief period his mother was aided by government food stamps, but the family mostly lived a middle-class existence In 1979 Obama graduated from Punahou School, an elite college preparatory academy in Honolulu

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Obama attended Occidental College in suburban Los Angeles for two years and then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where in 1983 he received a bachelor’s degree in political science Influenced by professors who pushed him to take his studies more seriously, Obama experienced great intellectual growth during college and for a couple of years thereafter He led a rather ascetic life and read works of literature and philosophy by William Shakespeare, Friedrich Nietzsche, Toni Morrison, and others After serving for a couple of years as a writer and editor for Business International Corp, a research, publishing, and consulting firm in Manhattan, he took a position in 1985 as a community organizer on Chicago’s largely impoverished Far South Side He returned to school three years later and graduated magna cum laude in 1991 from Harvard University’s law school, where he was the first African American to serve as president of the While a summer associate in 1989 at the Chicago law firm of Sidley Austin, Obama had met Chicago native Michelle Robinson, a young lawyer at the firm The two married in 1992

After receiving his law degree, Obama moved to Chicago and became active in the Democratic Party He organized Project Vote, a drive that registered tens of thousands of African Americans on voting rolls and that is credited with helping Democrat Bill Clinton win Illinois and capture the presidency in 1992 The effort also helped make Carol Moseley Braun, an Illinois state legislator, the first African American woman elected to the US Senate During this period, Obama wrote his first book and saw it published The memoir, (1995), is the story of Obama’s search for his biracial identity by tracing the lives of his now-deceased father and his extended family in Kenya Obama lectured on constitutional law at the University of Chicago and worked as an attorney on civil rights issues

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