Arnold schwarzenegger Movies, Height, Son, Age, Children & More

Austrian and American actor, bodybuilder, and politician (born 1947)
“Schwarzenegger” redirects here For other people with the name, see Schwarzenegger (surname)

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Schwarzenegger in 2019
38th Governor of California
In office
November 17, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Lieutenant
  • Cruz Bustamante
  • John Garamendi
  • Mona Pasquil (acting)
  • Abel Maldonado
Preceded by Gray Davis
Succeeded by Jerry Brown
Personal details
Born
Arnold Schwarzenegger

(1947-07-30) July 30, 1947 (age 75)
Thal, Styria, Allied-occupied Austria

Citizenship
  • Austria
  • United States
Political party Republican
Spouse
Maria Shriver

(m 1986; div 2021)

Children 5, including Katherine, Patrick and Joseph Baena
Parent
  • Gustav Schwarzenegger (father)
Relatives Chris Pratt (son-in-law)
Alma mater University of Wisconsin–Superior(BS)
Occupation
  • Actor
  • bodybuilder
  • businessman
  • politician
  • author
Signature
Website Official website
Military service
Allegiance Austria
Branch/service Bundesheer
Years of service 1965
Unit Belgier Barracks
This article is part of a series about
Arnold Schwarzenegger

Film career
  • Accolades
  • Terminator
    • “Hasta la vista, baby”
    • “I’ll be back”
  • See Arnold Run

Bodybuilding and business career
  • Chairman of the President’s Council
    on Physical Fitness and Sports
  • Arnold Sports Festival
  • Arnold Strongman Classic
  • Planet Hollywood
  • Mr Olympia

Political career
  • Governorship
    • First term
    • Second term
    • Opinion polling
    • LGBT rights
    • Girlie men

  • v
  • t
  • e

Arnold Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, film producer, businessman, retired professional bodybuilder and politician who served as the 38th governor of California between 2003 and 2011 Time magazine named Schwarzenegger one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2004 and 2007

Schwarzenegger began lifting weights at the age of 15 and went on to win the Mr Universe title at age 20 and subsequently won the Mr Olympia title seven times He is widely regarded as either the greatest or one of the two greatest bodybuilders of all time along with Ronnie Coleman and Lee Haney, and has written many books and articles about bodybuilding The Arnold Sports Festival, considered the second-most important bodybuilding event after Mr Olympia, is named after him He appeared in the bodybuilding documentary Pumping Iron (1977) Schwarzenegger retired from bodybuilding and gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action star, with his breakthrough in the sword and sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian (1982), a box-office hit with a sequel in 1984 After playing the title character in the science fiction film The Terminator (1984), he starred in the sequels Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003), Terminator Genisys (2015), and Terminator: Dark Fate (2019) His other successful action films included Commando (1985), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), Red Heat (1988), Total Recall (1990), and True Lies (1994), in addition to comedy films such as Twins (1988), Kindergarten Cop (1990), Junior (1994), and Jingle All the Way (1996) He is the founder of the film production company Oak Productions

As a Republican candidate, Schwarzenegger was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis He received 486% of the vote, 17 points ahead of Democrat runner-up Cruz Bustamante He was sworn in on November 17 to serve the remainder of Davis’ term, and was re-elected in the 2006 California gubernatorial election with an increased vote share of 559% to serve a full term as governor In 2011, he reached his term limit as governor and returned to acting

Schwarzenegger was nicknamed the “Austrian Oak” in his bodybuilding days, “Arnie” or “Schwarzy” during his acting career, and “the Governator” (a portmanteau of “Governor” and “Terminator”) during his political career He married Maria Shriver, a niece of President John F Kennedy, in 1986 They separated in 2011 after he admitted to having fathered a child with their housemaid in 1997; their divorce was finalized in 2021

Early life

Schwarzenegger’s birthplace

Arnold Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria on July 30, 1947, the second son of Gustav Schwarzenegger and his wife, Aurelia (née Jadrny) Schwarzenegger’s father was the local chief of police After the Anschluss in 1938, he joined the Nazi Party and, in 1939 the Sturmabteilung (SA) In World War II, he served as a military policeman in the invasions of Poland, France and the Soviet Union, including the siege of Leningrad, rising to the rank of Hauptfeldwebel He was wounded in the Battle of Stalingrad, and was discharged in 1943 following a bout of malaria According to Holocaust scholar Michael Berenbaum, Gustav Schwarzenegger served “in theaters of the war where atrocities were committed But there is no way to know from the documents whether he played a role” Gustav’s background received wide press attention during the 2003 California gubernatorial recall election in which Schwarzenegger was elected governor

Gustav Schwarzenegger married Aurelia on October 20, 1945; he was 38 and she was 23 According to Schwarzenegger, his parents were very strict: “Back then in Austria it was a very different world if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared” He grew up in a Catholic family Gustav preferred his elder son, Meinhard, over Arnold His favoritism was “strong and blatant”, which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Arnold was not his biological child Schwarzenegger has said that his father had “no patience for listening or understanding your problems” He had a good relationship with his mother, with whom he kept in touch until her death

Early education and bodybuilding beginnings

At school, Schwarzenegger was reportedly academically average but stood out for his “cheerful, good-humored, and exuberant” character Money was a problem in their household; Schwarzenegger recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator Schwarzenegger’s father Gustav was an athlete, and wished for his sons to become a champion in Bavarian curling Influenced by his father, Schwarzenegger played several sports as a boy

Schwarzenegger began weight training in 1960 when his football coach took his team to a local gym At the age of 14, he chose bodybuilding over football as a career He later said, “I actually started weight training when I was 15, but I’d been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start going to the gym and start Olympic lifting” However, his official website biography claims that “at 14, he started an intensive training program with Dan Farmer, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career” During a speech in 2001, he said, “My own plan formed when I was 14 years old My father had wanted me to be a police officer like he was My mother wanted me to go to trade school”

Schwarzenegger in 1971

Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen When Reeves died in 2000, Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: “As a teenager, I grew up with Steve Reeves His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible when others around me didn’t always understand my dreams Steve Reeves has been part of everything I’ve ever been fortunate enough to achieve” In 1961, Schwarzenegger met former Mr Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz He was so dedicated as a youngster that he broke into the local gym on weekends in order to train even when it was closed “It would make me sick to miss a workout I knew I couldn’t look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn’t do it” When Schwarzenegger was asked about his first cinema experience as a boy, he replied: “I was very young, but I remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne movie” In Graz, Schwarzenegger was mentored by Alfred Gerstl, who had Jewish ancestry and later became president of the Federal Council, and befriended his son Karl

Schwarzenegger’s brother, Meinhard, died in a car crash on May 20, 1971 He was driving drunk and died instantly Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral Meinhard was engaged to Erika Knapp, and they had a three-year-old son named Patrick Schwarzenegger paid for Patrick’s education and helped him to move to the US Gustav died of a stroke on December 13, 1972 In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger claimed that he did not attend his father’s funeral because he was training for a bodybuilding contest Later, he and the film’s producer said this story was taken from another bodybuilder to show the extremes some would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger’s image colder to create controversy for the film However, Barbara Baker, his first serious girlfriend, recalled that he informed her of his father’s death without emotion and that he never spoke of his brother Over time, he has given at least three versions of why he was absent from his father’s funeral

In an interview with Fortune in 2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what “would now be called child abuse” at the hands of his father: “My hair was pulled I was hit with belts So was the kid next door It was just the way it was Many of the children I’ve seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality They didn’t want to create an individual It was all about conforming I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken Therefore, I became a rebel Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, ‘You can’t do this,’ I said, ‘This is not going to be for much longer because I’m going to move out of here I want to be rich I want to be somebody'”

Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian Army in 1965 to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all 18-year-old Austrian males During his army service, he won the Junior Mr Europe contest He went AWOL during basic training so he could take part in the competition and then spent a week in military prison: “Participating in the competition meant so much to me that I didn’t carefully think through the consequences” He entered another bodybuilding contest in Graz, at Steirerhof Hotel, where he placed second He was voted “best-built man of Europe”, which made him famous in bodybuilding circles “The Mr Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich” Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr Universe competition in London He placed second in the Mr Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton

Charles “Wag” Bennett, one of the judges at the 1966 competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London Yorton’s leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs Staying in the East End of London helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English language Living with the Bennetts also changed him as a person: “Being with them made me so much more sophisticated When you’re the age I was then, you’re always looking for approval, for love, for attention and also for guidance At the time, I wasn’t really aware of that But now, looking back, I see that the Bennett family fulfilled all those needs Especially my need to be the best in the world To be recognized and to feel unique and special They saw that I needed that care and attention and love”

Also in 1966, while at Bennett’s home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park, who became his friend and mentor The training paid off and, in 1967, Schwarzenegger won the title for the first time, becoming the youngest ever Mr Universe at the age of 20 He would go on to win the title a further three times Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, where he attended a business school and worked in a health club (Rolf Putziger’s gym, where he worked and trained from 1966 to 1968), returning in 1968 to London to win his next Mr Universe title He frequently told Roger C Field, his English coach and friend in Munich at that time, “I’m going to become the greatest actor!”

Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the US since the age of 10, and saw bodybuilding as the avenue through which to do so, realized his dream by moving to the United States in October 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English There he trained at Gold’s Gym in Venice, Los Angeles, California, under Joe Weider’s supervision From 1970 to 1974, one of Schwarzenegger’s weight training partners was Ric Drasin, a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold’s Gym logo in 1973 Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler Superstar Billy Graham In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times

The immigration law firm Siskind & Susser has stated that Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s because of violations in the terms of his visa LA Weekly would later say in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the most famous immigrant in the United States, who “overcame a thick Austrian accent and transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie star in the world in the 1990s”

In 1977, Schwarzenegger’s autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success In 1977, he posed for the gay magazine After Dark Due to taking an assortment of courses at Santa Monica College in California (including English classes), as well as further upper division classes at the University of California, Los Angeles as part of UCLA’s extension program, Schwarzenegger had by then accumulated enough credits so as to be “within striking distance” of graduation In 1979, he enrolled in the University of Wisconsin–Superior as a distance education student, completing most of his coursework by correspondence and flying out to Superior to meet professors and take final exams In May 1980, he formally graduated and received his bachelor’s degree in business administration and marketing He received his United States citizenship in 1983

Bodybuilding career

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Bodybuilder

As entrant to the 1974 Mr Olympia competition at Madison Square Garden
Personal info
Nickname The Austrian Oak
Height 6 ft 2 in (188 cm)
Weight
  • 235 lb (107 kg) (contest)
  • 260 lb (118 kg) (off-season)
Professional career
Pro-debut
  • NABBA Mr Universe
  • 1968
Best win
  • IFBB Mr Olympia
  • 1970–1975, 1980, Seven Times
Predecessor Sergio Oliva (’69)
Frank Zane (’79)
Successor Franco Columbu (’76, ’81)
Active Retired 1980
Medal record
Men’s bodybuilding
Representing  Austria
Mr Universe (amateur)
1st 1967
Mr Universe (pro)
1st 1968
1st 1969
1st 1970
Mr Olympia
2nd 1969
1st 1970
1st 1971
1st 1972
1st 1973
1st 1974
1st 1975
1st 1980
Powerlifting
Representing  Austria
International Powerlifting Championships
1st 1966 +80 kg
German Powerlifting Championships
2nd 1967 +80 kg
1st 1968 +80 kg
Graz-Paradise Keller Powerlifting Championships
2nd 1967 +80 kg
Men’s Weightlifting
Representing  Austria
Styrian Junior Weightlifting Championships
1st 1964
German Austrian Weightlifting Championships
1st 1965

Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows

For many years, he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor’s various physical fitness initiatives When the deal, including the contract that gave Schwarzenegger at least $1 million a year, was made public in 2005, many criticized it as being a conflict of interest since the governor’s office made decisions concerning regulation of dietary supplements in California Consequently, Schwarzenegger relinquished the executive editor role in 2005 American Media Inc, which owns Muscle & Fitness and Flex, announced in March 2013 that Schwarzenegger had accepted their renewed offer to be executive editor of the magazines

One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr Europe contest in 1965 He won Mr Europe the following year, at age 19 He would go on to compete in many bodybuilding contests, and win most of them His bodybuilding victories included five Mr Universe wins (4 – NABBA , 1 – IFBB ), and seven Mr Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr Olympia title in 1991

Schwarzenegger continues to work out When asked about his personal training during the 2011 Arnold Classic he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every day

Powerlifting/weightlifting

During Schwarzenegger’s early years in bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting contests Schwarzenegger’s first professional competition was in 1963 and he won two weightlifting contests in 1964 and 1965, as well as two powerlifting contests in 1966 and 1968

In 1967, Schwarzenegger won the Munich stone-lifting contest, in which a stone weighing 508 German pounds (254 kg / 560 lb) is lifted between the legs while standing on two footrests

Personal records

  • Clean and press – 264 lb (120 kg)
  • Snatch – 243 lb (110 kg)
  • Clean and jerk – 298 lb (135 kg)
  • Squat – 545 lb (247 kg)
  • Bench press – 520 lb (240 kg)
  • Deadlift – 683 lb (310 kg)

Schwarzenegger, pictured with 1987 world champion American Karyn Marshall, presenting awards at the USA Weightlifting Hall of Fame in 2011 in Columbus, Ohio

Mr Olympia

Schwarzenegger’s goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr Olympia His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day

He continued his winning streak in the 1971–1974 competitions He also toured different countries selling vitamins, as in Helsinki, Finland in 1972, when he lived at the YMCA Hotel Hospiz (nowadays Hotel Arthur) on Vuorikatu and presented vitamin pills at the Stockmann shopping center In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time, beating Franco Columbu After the 1975 Mr Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding

Months before the 1975 Mr Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete and film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges Although significantly taller and heavier, Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr Olympia

Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr Olympia Schwarzenegger was training for his role in Conan, and he got into such good shape because of the running, horseback riding and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win the Mr Olympia contest one last time He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, “Why not compete” Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of preparation Having been declared Mr Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition This victory (subject of the documentary The Comeback) was highly controversial, though, as fellow competitors and many observers felt that his lack of muscle mass (especially in his thighs) and subpar conditioning should not have allowed him to win against a very competitive lineup that year Mike Mentzer, in particular, felt cheated and withdrew from competitive bodybuilding after that contest

Steroid use

Schwarzenegger has acknowledged using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in 1977 that “steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up” He has called the drugs “tissue building”

In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and later heart problems Since the doctor never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a US$10,000 libel judgment against him in a German court In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with Globe, a US tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder’s future health

List of competitions

Arnold Schwarzenegger in bodybuilding competitions
Year Competition Location Result and notes
1965 Junior Mr Europe Germany 1st
1966 Best Built Man of Europe Germany 1st
1966 Mr Europe Germany 1st
1966 International Powerlifting Championship Germany 1st
1966 NABBA Mr Universe amateur London 2nd to Chet Yorton
1967 NABBA Mr Universe amateur London 1st
1968 NABBA Mr Universe professional London 1st
1968 German Powerlifting Championship Germany 1st
1968 IFBB Mr International Mexico 1st
1968 IFBB Mr Universe Florida 2nd to Frank Zane
1969 IFBB Mr Universe amateur New York 1st
1969 NABBA Mr Universe professional London 1st
1969 Mr Olympia New York 2nd to Sergio Oliva
1970 NABBA Mr Universe professional London 1st (defeated his idol Reg Park)
1970 AAU Mr World Columbus, Ohio 1st (defeated Sergio Oliva for the first time)
1970 Mr Olympia New York 1st
1971 Mr Olympia Paris 1st
1972 Mr Olympia Essen, Germany 1st
1973 Mr Olympia New York 1st
1974 Mr Olympia New York 1st
1975 Mr Olympia Pretoria, South Africa 1st (subject of the documentary Pumping Iron)
1980 Mr Olympia Sydney 1st (subject of the documentary The Comeback)

Statistics

  • Height: 6 ft 2 in (188 m)
  • Contest weight: 235 lb (107 kg)—the lightest in 1980 Mr Olympia: around 225 lb (102 kg), the heaviest in 1974 Mr Olympia: around 250 lb (110 kg)
  • Off-season weight: 260 lb (118 kg)
  • Chest: 57 in (1,400 mm)
  • Waist: 33 in (840 mm)
  • Arms: 22 in (560 mm)
  • Thighs: 295 in (750 mm)
  • Calves: 20 in (510 mm)

Acting career

Main article: Arnold Schwarzenegger filmography

Early roles

Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the title role in Hercules in New York (1970) Credited under the stage name “Arnold Strong”, his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production His second film appearance was as a mob hitman in The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry (1976), for which he won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: “It was very difficult for me in the beginning – I was told by agents and casting people that my body was ‘too weird’, that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too long You name it, and they told me I had to change it Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance”

Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron (1977), elements of which were dramatized In 1991, he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography In 1977, he made guest appearances in single episodes of the ABC sitcom The San Pedro Beach Bums and the ABC police procedural The Streets of San Francisco Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk, but did not win the role because of his height Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr David Banner’s alter ego Schwarzenegger appeared with Kirk Douglas and Ann-Margret in the 1979 comedy The Villain In 1980, he starred in a biographical film of the 1950s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield’s husband, Mickey Hargitay

Action superstar

Schwarzenegger’s breakthrough film was the sword and sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in 1982, which was a box-office hit This was followed by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer, in 1984, although it was not as successful as its predecessor In 1983, Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video Carnival in Rio In 1984, he made his first appearance as the eponymous character in James Cameron’s science fiction action film The Terminator It has been called his acting career’s signature role Following this, Schwarzenegger made another sword and sorcery film, Red Sonja, in 1985 During the 1980s, audiences had an appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone becoming international stars During the Schwarzenegger-Stallone rivalry they attacked each other in the press, and tried to surpass the other with more on-screen killings and larger weapons Schwarzenegger’s roles reflected his sense of humor, separating him from more serious action hero films He made a number of successful action films in the 1980s, such as Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), and Red Heat (1988)

Footprints and handprints of Arnold Schwarzenegger in front of the Grauman’s Chinese Theatre, with his catchphrase “I’ll be back” written in

Twins (1988), a comedy with Danny DeVito, also proved successful Total Recall (1990) netted Schwarzenegger $10 million (equivalent to $207 million today) and 15% of the film’s gross A science fiction script, the film was based on the Philip K Dick short story “We Can Remember It for You Wholesale” Kindergarten Cop (1990) reunited him with director Ivan Reitman, who directed him in Twins Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt, entitled “The Switch”, and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in Connecticut He has not directed since

Schwarzenegger’s commercial peak was his return as the title character in Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991), which was the highest-grossing film of the year Film critic Roger Ebert commented that “Schwarzenegger’s genius as a movie star is to find roles that build on, rather than undermine, his physical and vocal characteristics” In 1993, the National Association of Theatre Owners named him the “International Star of the Decade” His next film project, the 1993 self-aware action comedy spoof Last Action Hero, was released opposite Jurassic Park, and did not do well at the box office His next film, the comedy drama True Lies (1994), was a popular spy film and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with James Cameron

That same year, the comedy Junior was released, the last of Schwarzenegger’s three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and again co-starring Danny DeVito This film brought him his second Golden Globe nomination, this time for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy It was followed by the action thriller Eraser (1996), the Christmas comedy Jingle All The Way (1996), and the comic book-based Batman & Robin (1997), in which he played the villain Mr Freeze This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury Following the critical failure of Batman & Robin, his film career and box office prominence went into decline He returned with the supernatural thriller End of Days (1999), later followed by the action films The 6th Day (2000) and Collateral Damage (2002), both of which failed to do well at the box office In 2003, he made his third appearance as the title character in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which went on to earn over $150 million domestically (equivalent to $221 million today)

Arnold Schwarzenegger’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In tribute to Schwarzenegger in 2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a 25-meter-tall (80 ft) Terminator statue in a park in central Graz Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics

Retirement

His film appearances after becoming Governor of California included a three-second cameo appearance in The Rundown and the 2004 remake of Around the World in 80 Days In 2005, he appeared as himself in the film The Kid & I He voiced Baron von Steuben in the Liberty’s Kids episode “Valley Forge” He had been rumored to be appearing in Terminator Salvation as the original T-800; he denied his involvement, but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie Schwarzenegger appeared in Sylvester Stallone’s The Expendables, where he made a cameo appearance

Return to acting

In January 2011, just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true story

On March 6, 2011, at the Arnold Seminar of the Arnold Classic, Schwarzenegger revealed that he was being considered for several films, including sequels to The Terminator and remakes of Predator and The Running Man, and that he was “packaging” a comic book character The character was later revealed to be the Governator, star of the comic book and animated series of the same name Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee, who would have produced the series Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator

On May 20, 2011, Schwarzenegger’s entertainment counsel announced that all film projects currently in development were being halted: “Schwarzenegger is focusing on personal matters and is not willing to commit to any production schedules or timelines” On July 11, 2011, it was announced that Schwarzenegger was considering a comeback film, despite legal problems related to his divorce He starred in The Expendables 2 (2012) as Trench Mauser, and starred in The Last Stand (2013), his first leading role in 10 years, and Escape Plan (2013), his first co-starring role alongside Sylvester Stallone He starred in Sabotage, released in March 2014, and returned as Trench Mauser in The Expendables 3, released in August 2014 He starred in the fifth Terminator film Terminator Genisys in 2015, and would reprise his role as Conan the Barbarian in The Legend of Conan, later renamed Conan the Conqueror However, in April 2017, producer Chris Morgan stated that Universal had dropped the project, although there was a possibility of a TV show The story of the film was supposed to be set 30 years after the first, with some inspiration from Clint Eastwood’s Unforgiven

In August 2016, his filming of action-comedy Killing Gunther was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near the filming location in Surrey, British Columbia The film was released in September 2017 He was announced to star and produce in a film about the ruins of Sanxingdui called The Guest of Sanxingdui as an ambassador

On February 6, 2018, Amazon Studios announced they were working with Schwarzenegger to develop a new series entitled Outrider in which he will star and executive produce The western-drama set in the Oklahoma Indian Territory in the late 19th century will follow a deputy (portrayed by Schwarzenegger) who is tasked with apprehending a legendary outlaw in the wilderness, but is forced to partner with a ruthless Federal Marshal to make sure justice is properly served The series will also mark as Schwarzenegger’s first major scripted TV role

Schwarzenegger returned to the Terminator franchise with Terminator: Dark Fate, which was released on November 1, 2019 It was produced by the series’ co-creator James Cameron, who directed him previously in the first two films in the series and in True Lies It was shot in Almería, Hungary and the US

The Celebrity Apprentice

In September 2015, the media announced that Schwarzenegger was to replace Donald Trump as host of The New Celebrity Apprentice This show, the 15th season of The Apprentice, aired during the 2016–2017 TV season In the show, he used the phrases “you’re terminated” and “get to the choppa”, which are quotes from some of his famous roles (The Terminator and Predator, respectively), when firing the contestants

In March 2017, following repeated criticisms from Trump, Schwarzenegger announced that he would not return for another season on the show He also reacted to Trump’s remarks in January 2017 via Instagram: “Hey, Donald, I have a great idea Why don’t we switch jobs You take over TV because you’re such an expert in ratings, and I take over your job, and then people can finally sleep comfortably again”

Political career

Main article: Political career of Arnold Schwarzenegger

Early politics

Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Schwarzenegger for the first time at the White House

Schwarzenegger with President Ronald Reagan in 1984

Schwarzenegger has been a registered Republican for many years When he was an actor, his political views were always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a left-wing and Democratic-leaning community At the 2004 Republican National Convention, Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained that he was a Republican because he believed the Democrats of the 1960s sounded too much like Austrian socialists

Arnold Schwarzenegger on Capitol Hill in 1991 for an event related to the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports

In 1985, Schwarzenegger appeared in “Stop the Madness”, an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan administration He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the 1988 presidential election, accompanying then–Vice President George H W Bush at a campaign rally

Schwarzenegger famously introduced the first episode of the 1990 Milton Friedman hosted PBS series Free to Choose stating:

Schwarzenegger goes on to tell of how he and his then wife Maria Shriver were in Palm Springs preparing to play a game of mixed doubles when Milton Friedman’s famous show came on the television Schwarzenegger recalls that while watching Friedman’s Free to Choose, Schwarzenegger, “recognized Friedman from the study of my own degree in economics, but I didn’t know I was watching Free to Choose it knocked me out Dr Friedman expressed, validated and explained everything I ever thought or experienced or observed about the way the economy works, and I guess I was really ready to hear it” Numerous critics state that Schwarzenegger strayed from much of Friedman’s economic ways of thinking in later years, especially upon being elected Governor of California from 2003 through 2011

Schwarzenegger’s first political appointment was as chairman of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993 He was nominated by the then-President Bush, who dubbed him “Conan the Republican” He later served as chairman for the California Governor’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson

Between 1993 and 1994, Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross ambassador (a ceremonial role fulfilled by celebrities), recording several television and radio public service announcements to donate blood

In an interview with Talk magazine in late 1999, Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office He replied, “I think about it many times The possibility is there because I feel it inside” The Hollywood Reporter claimed shortly after that Schwarzenegger sought to end speculation that he might run for governor of California Following his initial comments, Schwarzenegger said, “I’m in show business – I am in the middle of my career Why would I go away from that and jump into something else”

Governor of California

Main articles: First term of Arnold Schwarzenegger as governor of California and Second term of Arnold Schwarzenegger as governor of California

Schwarzenegger’s official portrait as Governor of California, 2003

Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the 2003 California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, 2003, episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the “Governator” (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and “The Running Man” (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall election “Total Recall” (yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger) Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003

President George W Bush meets with Schwarzenegger after his successful election to the California Governorship

On October 7, 2003, the recall election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with 554% of the Yes vote in favor of a recall Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with 486% of the vote to choose a successor to Davis Schwarzenegger defeated Democrat Cruz Bustamante, fellow Republican Tom McClintock, and others His nearest rival, Bustamante, received 31% of the vote In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 13 million votes Under the regulations of the California Constitution, no runoff election was required Schwarzenegger was the second foreign-born governor of California after Irish-born Governor John G Downey in 1862

Schwarzenegger is a moderate Republican He says he is fiscally conservative and socially liberal On the issue of abortion, he describes himself as pro-choice, but supports parental notification for minors and a ban on partial-birth abortion He has supported gay rights, such as domestic partnerships, and he performed a same-sex marriage as governor However, Schwarzenegger vetoed bills that would have legalized same-sex marriage in California in 2005 and 2007 He additionally vetoed two bills that would have implemented a single-payer health care system in California in 2006 and 2008, respectively

Schwarzenegger was entrenched in what he considered to be his mandate in cleaning up political gridlock Building on a catchphrase from the sketch “Hans and Franz” from Saturday Night Live (which partly parodied his bodybuilding career), Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians “girlie men”

Arnold Schwarzenegger in June 2010

Schwarzenegger’s early victories included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well as preventing driver’s licenses from being given out to illegal immigrants, but later he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his various initiatives Key among his reckoning with political realities was a special election he called in November 2005, in which four ballot measures he sponsored were defeated Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California He would later comment that “no one could win if the opposition raised 160 million dollars to defeat you” The US Supreme Court later found the public employee unions’ use of compulsory fundraising during the campaign had been illegal in Knox v Service Employees International Union, Local 1000

Schwarzenegger with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Cisco CEO John Chambers

Schwarzenegger, against the advice of fellow Republican strategists, appointed a Democrat, Susan Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff He gradually moved towards a more politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a short time to go until the next gubernatorial election

Schwarzenegger ran for re-election against Democrat Phil Angelides, the California State Treasurer, in the 2006 elections, held on November 7, 2006 Despite a poor year nationally for the Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with 560% of the vote compared with 389% for Angelides, a margin of well over 1 million votes Around this time, many commentators saw Schwarzenegger as moving away from the right and towards the center of the political spectrum After hearing a speech by Schwarzenegger at the 2006 Martin Luther King Jr Day breakfast, in which Schwarzenegger said, in part “How wrong I was when I said everyone has an equal opportunity to make it in America the state of California does not provide (equal) education for all of our children”, San Francisco mayor & future governor of California Gavin Newsom said that “e’s becoming a Democrat e’s running back, not even to the center I would say center-left”

Some speculated that Schwarzenegger might run for the United States Senate in 2010, as his governorship would be term-limited by that time Such rumors turned out to be false

With Schwarzenegger and Senator Dianne Feinstein behind him, President George W Bush comments on wildfires and firefighting efforts in California, October 2007

Wendy Leigh, who wrote an unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as the means to escape a depressing home Leigh portrays Schwarzenegger as obsessed with power and quotes him as saying, “I wanted to be part of the small percentage of people who were leaders, not the large mass of followers I think it is because I saw leaders use 100% of their potential – I was always fascinated by people in control of other people” Schwarzenegger has said that it was never his intention to enter politics, but he says, “I married into a political family You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help people I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and Sargent Shriver became my heroes” Eunice Kennedy Shriver was the sister of John F Kennedy, and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger; Sargent Shriver is husband to Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger

Schwarzenegger cannot run for US president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States Schwarzenegger is a dual Austrian and United States citizen He has held Austrian citizenship since birth and US citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983 Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU

Governor Schwarzenegger during his visit to Naval Medical Center in San Diego, July 2010

Because of his personal wealth from his acting career, Schwarzenegger did not accept his governor’s salary of $175,000 per year

Schwarzenegger’s endorsement in the Republican primary of the 2008 US presidential election was highly sought; despite being good friends with candidates Rudy Giuliani and Senator John McCain, Schwarzenegger remained neutral throughout 2007 and early 2008 Giuliani dropped out of the presidential race on January 30, 2008, largely because of a poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain Later that night, Schwarzenegger was in the audience at a Republican debate at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in California The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, “It’s Rudy’s fault!” (in reference to his friendships with both candidates and that he could not make up his mind) Schwarzenegger’s endorsement was thought to be a boost for Senator McCain’s campaign; both spoke about their concerns for the environment and economy

In its April 2010 report, Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 “worst governors” in the United States because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger’s term as governor

Governor Schwarzenegger played a significant role in opposing Proposition 66, a proposed amendment of the Californian Three Strikes Law, in November 2004 This amendment would have required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a 25-years-to-life sentence In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger launched an intense campaign against Proposition 66 He stated that “it would release 26,000 dangerous criminals and rapists”

Although he began his tenure as governor with record high approval ratings (as high as 65% in May 2004), he left office with a record low 23%, only one percent higher than that of Gray Davis, when he was recalled in October 2003

Death of Luis Santos

Main article: Death of Luis Santos

In May 2010, Esteban Núñez pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 16 years in prison for the death of Luis Santos Núñez is the son of Fabian Núñez, then California Assembly Speaker of the House and a close friend and staunch political ally of then governor Schwarzenegger

As a personal favor to “a friend”, just hours before he left office, and as one of his last official acts, Schwarzenegger commuted Núñez’s sentence by more than half, to seven years He believed that Núñez’s sentence was “excessive” in comparison with the same prison term imposed on Ryan Jett, the man who fatally stabbed Santos Against protocol, Schwarzenegger did not inform Santos’ family or the San Diego County prosecutors about the commutation They learned about it in a call from a reporter

The Santos family, along with the San Diego district attorney, sued to stop the commutation, claiming that it violated Marsy’s Law In September 2012, Sacramento County superior court judge Lloyd Connelly stated, “Based on the evidentiary records before this court involving this case, there was an abuse of discretionThis was a distasteful commutation It was repugnant to the bulk of the citizenry of this state” However, Connelly ruled that Schwarzenegger remained within his executive powers as governor Subsequently, as a direct result of the way the commutation was handled, Governor Jerry Brown signed a bipartisan bill that allows offenders’ victims and their families to be notified at least 10 days before any commutations Núñez was released from prison after serving less than six years

Drug use and allegations of sexual misconduct

Code Pink protesting against Schwarzenegger

During his initial campaign for governor in 2003, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger Within the last five days before the election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles Times recounting decades-old allegations of sexual misconduct from six individual women Schwarzenegger responded to the allegations in 2004 admitting that he has “behaved badly sometimes” and apologized, but also stated that “a lot of you see in the stories is not true” One of the women who came forward was British television personality Anna Richardson, who settled a libel lawsuit in August 2006 against Schwarzenegger; his top aide, Sean Walsh; and his publicist, Sheryl Main A joint statement read: “The parties are content to put this matter behind them and are pleased that this legal dispute has now been settled”

During this time a 1977 interview in adult magazine Oui gained attention, in which Schwarzenegger discussed using substances such as marijuana Schwarzenegger is shown smoking a marijuana joint after winning Mr Olympia in 1975 in the documentary film Pumping Iron (1977) In an interview with GQ magazine in October 2007, Schwarzenegger said, ” is not a drug It’s a leaf My drug was pumping iron, trust me” His spokesperson later said the comment was meant to be a joke

Citizenship

Schwarzenegger in 2004

Schwarzenegger became a naturalized US citizen on September 17, 1983 Shortly before he gained his citizenship, he asked the Austrian authorities for the right to keep his Austrian citizenship, as Austria does not usually allow dual citizenship His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship In 2005, Peter Pilz, a member of the Austrian Parliament from the Austrian Green Party, unsuccessfully advocated for Parliament to revoke Schwarzenegger’s Austrian citizenship due to his decision not to prevent the executions of Donald Beardslee and Stanley Williams Pilz argued that Schwarzenegger caused damage to Austria’s reputation in the international community because Austria abolished the death penalty in 1968 Pilz based his argument on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act, which states: “A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall be deprived of his citizenship if he heavily damages the reputation or the interests of the Austrian Republic” Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger’s actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria under Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights) had damaged Austria’s reputation Schwarzenegger explained his actions by pointing out that his only duty as Governor of California with respect to the death penalty was to correct an error by the justice system by pardon or clemency if such an error had occurred

Environmental record

On September 27, 2006, Schwarzenegger signed the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, creating the nation’s first cap on greenhouse gas emissions The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state’s greenhouse gas emission standards The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California’s emissions by 25 percent to 1990s levels by 2020 In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050

Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, 2006, allowing California to work with the Northeast’s Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference The plan took effect in 2009 In addition to using his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his home to reduce his personal carbon footprint Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels He has also installed solar panels to heat his home

In respect for his contribution to the direction of the US motor industry, Schwarzenegger was invited to open the 2009 SAE World Congress in Detroit on April 20, 2009

In 2011, Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action to develop a sustainable, low-carbon economy In 2017, he joined French President Emmanuel Macron in calling for the adoption of a Global Pact for the Environment In 2017, Schwarzenegger launched the Austrian World Summit, an international climate conference that is held annually in Vienna, Austria The Austrian World Summit is organized by the Schwarzenegger Climate Initiative and aims is to bring together representatives from politics, civil society and business to create a broad alliance for climate protection and to identify concrete solutions to the climate crisis

Electoral history

California gubernatorial recall election, 2003
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger 4,206,284 486
Democratic Cruz Bustamante 2,724,874 315
Republican Tom McClintock 1,161,287 135
Green Peter Camejo 242,247 28
California gubernatorial election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger (incumbent) 4,850,157 559
Democratic Phil Angelides 3,376,732 389
Green Peter Camejo 205,995 24
Libertarian Art Olivier 114,329 13

Presidential ambitions

Presidential aspirations by the Austrian-born Schwarzenegger would be blocked by a constitutional hurdle; Article II, Section I, Clause V prevents individuals who are not natural-born citizens of the United States from assuming the office The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment in 2003 was widely accredited as the “Amend for Arnold” bill, which would have added an amendment to the US Constitution allowing his run In 2004, the “Amend for Arnold” campaign was launched, featuring a website and TV advertising promotion

In June 2007, Schwarzenegger was featured on the cover of Time magazine with Michael Bloomberg, and subsequently, the two joked about a presidential ticket together

In October 2013, the New York Post reported that Schwarzenegger was exploring a future run for president At the time he had reportedly been lobbying legislators about a possible constitutional change, or filing a legal challenge to the requirement that presidents be native-born Columbia University law professor Michael Dorf observed that Schwarzenegger’s possible lawsuit could ultimately win him the right to run for the office, noting, “The law is very clear, but it’s not 100 percent clear that the courts would enforce that law rather than leave it to the political process”

Business career

Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career Following his move to the United States, Schwarzenegger became a “prolific goal setter” and would write his objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order business or buying a new car – and succeed in doing so By the age of 25, Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and real estate investments

Bricklaying business, bodybuilding, and fitness mail order

In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business The business flourished thanks to the pair’s marketing savvy and an increased demand following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake Schwarzenegger and Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail-order business that sold bodybuilding- and fitness-related equipment and instructional tapes

Investments

Schwarzenegger transferred profits from the mail-order business and his bodybuilding-competition winnings into his first real estate investment venture: an apartment building he purchased for $10,000 He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding companies

Stallone and Schwarzenegger ended their longtime rivalry by both investing in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme restaurants (modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe) along with Bruce Willis and Demi Moore However, Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties with the business in early 2000 Schwarzenegger said the company did not have the success he had hoped for, claiming he wanted to focus his attention on “new US global business ventures” and his movie career

Schwarzenegger also invested in a shopping mall in Columbus, Ohio He has talked about some of those who have helped him over the years in business: “I couldn’t have learned about business without a parade of teachers guiding me from Milton Friedman to Donald Trump and now, Les Wexner and Warren Buffett I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood, such as when to get out! And I did!” He has significant ownership in Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm Schwarzenegger is also the owner of Arnold’s Sports Festival, which he started in 1989 and is held annually in Columbus, Ohio It is a festival that hosts thousands of international health and fitne

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